ember

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See also: Ember

English[edit]

Embers.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English embre, eymbre, aymer, eymere, emeri, from Old English ǣmyrġe, from Proto-West Germanic *aimuʀjā, from Proto-Germanic *aimuzjǭ, a compound of *aimaz +‎ *uzjǭ. The latter is from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ews- (to burn). The b is intrusive and was added in English for ease of pronunciation when the vowel of the second syllable (y) disappeared.

See also Old High German eimuria (pyre), Danish emmer, Swedish mörja (embers).

Noun[edit]

ember (plural embers)

  1. A glowing piece of coal or wood; a hot coal.
  2. Smoldering ash.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English embryne (running around, circuit), from Old English ymbryne (course; circuit), equivalent to umb- +‎ run.

Adjective[edit]

ember (not comparable)

  1. Making a circuit of the year or the seasons; recurring in each quarter of the year, as certain religious days set apart for fasting and prayer.
    ember fasts
    ember days
    ember weeks

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “ember” in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably a compound word. The first element is related to the base word of emse (sow) (originally meant "female"), which in turn is from Proto-Uralic *emä (mother, woman).[1][2]. The second element is either a variant of férj (husband) which originally meant man or is related to an unattested stem -ër, -ér, -ar, but in any case, the stem ultimately derives from Proto-Finno-Ugric *irkä (man, son, boy).[3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛmbɛr]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: em‧ber
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

Noun[edit]

ember (plural emberek)

  1. person
    Synonyms: személy,
  2. (biology) human (a human being, whether man, woman or child)
    Synonym: emberi lény
  3. mankind, humanity, man (all humans collectively)
    Synonym: emberiség
  4. (archaic) man (today mostly in compounds like fiatalember, öregember, vénember)
    Synonym: férfi
    Coordinate term: asszony

Usage notes[edit]

  • For its use with the article az (the), see az ember (one, you, used like an indefinite, generic pronoun).
  • The word ember is gender-neutral in the biological sense, or in the plural where it can refer to a mixed group of men and women or to people in general, and also in expressions like embere válogatja (it depends on the person), where it is again used in a general sense. In contrast with this, when it is used in the singular to refer to one person in particular, there is a strong implication that one is probably talking about a man and not a woman, in which case egy (a woman) would sound more natural. As a generic pronoun, it has no such connotations, but even so, women sometimes colloquially use the expression az ember lánya (literally the daughter of man) instead, especially when talking about topics that only pertain to women in general.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ember emberek
accusative embert embereket
dative embernek embereknek
instrumental emberrel emberekkel
causal-final emberért emberekért
translative emberré emberekké
terminative emberig emberekig
essive-formal emberként emberekként
essive-modal emberül
inessive emberben emberekben
superessive emberen embereken
adessive embernél embereknél
illative emberbe emberekbe
sublative emberre emberekre
allative emberhez emberekhez
elative emberből emberekből
delative emberről emberekről
ablative embertől emberektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
emberé embereké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
emberéi emberekéi
Possessive forms of ember
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. emberem embereim
2nd person sing. embered embereid
3rd person sing. embere emberei
1st person plural emberünk embereink
2nd person plural emberetek embereitek
3rd person plural emberük embereik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words with this term at the beginning
Compound words with this term at the end
Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #134 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ ember in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN
  3. ^ Entry #152 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  4. ^ ember in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

ember

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch emmer.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛm.bɛr]
  • Hyphenation: èm‧bèr

Noun[edit]

èmbèr (plural ember-ember, first-person possessive emberku, second-person possessive embermu, third-person possessive embernya)

  1. bucket

Descendants[edit]

  • Petjo: ember
  • Ternate: ember

Further reading[edit]


Ternate[edit]

Ember.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Indonesian ember, from Dutch emmer, from Middle Dutch ember, from Old Dutch ēmer, from Proto-West Germanic *ambrī.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ember

  1. bucket

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh, page 29