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As for Tonal Class, Armstrong (1940) classifies this term into moondo class which includes mũndũ, huko, igego, igoti, inooro, irigũ, irũa, kĩbaata, kũgũrũ, mũciĩ, mũgeni, mũri, mwaki (fire), ndaka, ndigiri, njagathi, njogu, Mũrĩmi (man's name), etc.[1] Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 1 with a disyllabic stem, together with ndaka, and so on. Clements (1984) classifies this term into “LL class” corresponding to Armstrong's moondo class and Benson's disyllabic 1, together with kĩbaata and Mũrĩmi.[2]
  • (Kiambu)


kĩmũrĩ class 7 (plural imũrĩ)

  1. torch[4]
    Synonym: gĩcinga

Related terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).
  2. ^ Clements, George N. (1984). "Principles of tone assignment in Kikuyu." In Clements, G.N. and J.A. Goldsmith (eds.) Autosegmental studies in Bantu tone, pp. 281–339. Dordrecht: Mouton de Gruyter; Foris Publications. →ISBN
  3. ^ Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.
  4. ^ mũrĩ” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 268. Oxford: Clarendon Press.