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From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-. Kortlandt (1986:91) suggests that the short vowel in fu- (rather than long fū-) is more easily explained as descending not from *bʰuH- but from bʰHu- with regular laryngeal metathesis from bhuH-, per Werner Winter (1965:192).

Cognate with English be, Ancient Greek φύω (phúō), Sanskrit भवति (bhávati), Persian بودن (budan), Irish , among others. Also see be.





futūrus (feminine futūra, neuter futūrum); first/second-declension participle

  1. about to be, about to exist
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.297–298:
      [...] mōtūsque excēpit prīma futūrōs,
      omnia tūta timēns. [...].
      [...] and of her own intuition [Dido] knew first that [something] was about to happen, fearing everything, [however] safe.
  2. (grammar) future
  3. future active participle of sum.



First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative futūrus futūra futūrum futūrī futūrae futūra
Genitive futūrī futūrae futūrī futūrōrum futūrārum futūrōrum
Dative futūrō futūrō futūrīs
Accusative futūrum futūram futūrum futūrōs futūrās futūra
Ablative futūrō futūrā futūrō futūrīs
Vocative futūre futūra futūrum futūrī futūrae futūra


  • Catalan: futur
  • English: future
  • Esperanto: futuro
  • French: futur
  • Galician: futuro
  • Italian: futuro
  • Piedmontese: futur
  • Portuguese: futuro
  • Sicilian: futuru
  • Spanish: futuro


  • futurus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • futurus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • futurus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • for the future: in posterum; in futurum
    • to foresee the future: futura providere (not praevidere)
    • to foresee the far distant future: futura or casus futuros (multo ante) prospicere
    • to take no thought for the future: futura non cogitare, curare
    • to-day the 5th of September; tomorrow September the 5th: hodie qui est dies Non. Sept.; cras qui dies futurus est Non. Sept.
    • to foresee political events long before: longe prospicere futuros casus rei publicae (De Amic. 12. 40)