φύω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to appear, become, rise up). Cognates include Old Armenian բոյս (boys, plant), Sanskrit भवति (bhavati), Avestan 𐬠𐬎 (bu), Latin fuī (I was), Old English bēon (English be), and Albanian bëj.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

φῠ́ω (phúō)

  1. (transitive) To bring forth, produce, generate, cause to grow
  2. (transitive) To beget, bear, give birth to
  3. (intransitive) To grow, arise, spring up
  4. (intransitive, present tense) to become [+adjective]
  5. (intransitive, aorist and perfect)
  6. (copulative) To be by nature [+adjective]
  7. (intransitive) To be naturally disposed to, prone [+infinitive = to do]
  8. (impersonal) It is natural, happens naturally [+infinitive = that ...]
  9. to be one's natural lot [+dative = someone's]

Inflection[edit]

  • Present active, future active, and 1st aorist active are transitive; others are intransitive.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]