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Borrowing from Latin vagus (wandering, rambling, strolling).



vagus (plural vagi)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) A homeless person or vagrant.
  2. (neuroanatomy) Ellipsis of vagus nerve..

Related terms[edit]



Uncertain. De Vaan suggests from Proto-Italic *wagos, from Proto-Indo-European *Hwogos, and compares this form to Old Norse vakka (to totter), Old High German wankon (to totter), winkan (to waver, stagger), Old English wincian (to nod).[1] Compare with Ancient Greek ὄχος (ókhos), Old English waġian, English wag, and English vag (the verb).



vagus (feminine vaga, neuter vagum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (literally) wandering, rambling, strolling, roving, roaming, unfixed, unsettled, vagrant
    Synonyms: errābundus, vagābundus
    vagus animisgone insane, gone mad
  2. (figuratively) wandering, wavering, unsteady, inconstant, doubtful, uncertain, vague
  3. undecided, fickle
    Synonyms: dubius, suspensus, incertus, anceps
    Antonyms: indubius, prōmptus, fixus
    vagus animiundecided mind


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative vagus vaga vagum vagī vagae vaga
Genitive vagī vagae vagī vagōrum vagārum vagōrum
Dative vagō vagō vagīs
Accusative vagum vagam vagum vagōs vagās vaga
Ablative vagō vagā vagō vagīs
Vocative vage vaga vagum vagī vagae vaga

Derived terms[edit]



  • vagus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vagus in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2023) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vagus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 651

Further reading[edit]

  • vagus in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911
  • vagus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vagus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vagus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the planets: stellae errantes, vagae