ὄχος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *wókʰos, from Proto-Indo-European *wóǵʰos, from *weǵʰ- (to move, drive). Cognates include Sanskrit वाह (vā́ha), Old Church Slavonic возъ (vozŭ). Also see ὀχέω (okhéō, to carry) and Arcadocypriot Greek ϝέχω (wékhō, to carry, bear).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ὄχος (ókhosm (genitive ὄχου); second declension

  1. anything which holds, bears
  2. carriage, cart, chariot
  3. the wheels of a chariot

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Homer uses neuter plural forms (ὄχεα (ókhea), ὀχέων (okhéōn), ὄχεσφι (ókhesphi)) (dative plural)), even for a single chariot.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ὄχος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ὄχος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ὄχος in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ὄχος» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ὄχος in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill