spina

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: spiną, špina, and špína

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Latin spīna (a thorn; a prickle, spine). Doublet of spine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina (plural spinae)

  1. (anatomy) A spine; the backbone.
  2. (music) One of the quills of a spinet.
  3. (historical) A barrier dividing the Ancient Roman hippodrome longitudinally.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From spino +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈspina/
  • Hyphenation: spi‧na
  • Rhymes: -ina

Adjective[edit]

spina (accusative singular spinan, plural spinaj, accusative plural spinajn)

  1. spinal

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina f (genitive singular spinu, uncountable)

  1. sperm

Declension[edit]

Declension of spina (singular only)
f1s singular
indefinite definite
nominative spina spinan
accusative spinu spinuna
dative spinu spinuni
genitive spinu spinunnar

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spīna, from Proto-Italic *speinā, from Proto-Indo-European *spey- (sharp point).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina f (plural spine)

  1. thorn
  2. spine, prickle
  3. plug (electrical)
  4. bone (of fish)
  5. bunghole

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *speinā, from Proto-Indo-European *spey- (sharp point). Cognates include Latvian spina and Russian спина (spina).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spīna f (genitive spīnae); first declension

  1. (literally) a thorn or a thorny tree or shrub, such as whitethorn, hawthorn, or blackthorn
  2. (transferred sense)
    1. (zootomy) a thorn, spine, prickle
    2. (zootomy) a fishbone
    3. (anatomy) the backbone, spine
    4. a low wall along the centre of a circus (racecourse); a barrier
    5. a toothpick
  3. (figuratively, in the plural)
    1. (Classical Latin) thorns, difficulties, subtleties, perplexities in speaking and debating
    2. cares
    3. errors
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spīna spīnae
Genitive spīnae spīnārum
Dative spīnae spīnīs
Accusative spīnam spīnās
Ablative spīnā spīnīs
Vocative spīna spīnae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • spina in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spina in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spina in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • spina in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • subtleties of logic; dilemmas: disserendi spinae (Fin. 4. 28. 79)
    • minute, captious subdivisions and definitions: spinae partiendi et definiendi (Tusc. 5. 8. 22)
  • spina in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spina in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • spina in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 580

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina

  1. Alternative form of spyne

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From spinać.

Noun[edit]

spina f

  1. (slang) sudden jitters or anxiety
  2. (dated) Augmentative of spinka; fastener
Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

spina

  1. third-person singular present of spinać

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina f

  1. (obsolete) spine, vertebral column
    Synonym: kręgosłup
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • spina in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • spina in Polish dictionaries at PWN