spina

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See also: špina and špína

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin spīna. Doublet of spine.

Noun[edit]

spina (plural spinae)

  1. A spine; the backbone.
  2. One of the quills of a spinet.
  3. (historical) A barrier dividing the Ancient Roman hippodrome longitudinally.

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina f (genitive singular spinu, uncountable)

  1. sperm

Declension[edit]

Declension of spina (singular only)
f1s singular
indefinite definite
nominative spina spinan
accusative spinu spinuna
dative spinu spinuni
genitive spinu spinunnar

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spīna, from Proto-Italic *speinā, from Proto-Indo-European *spey- (sharp point).

Noun[edit]

spina f (plural spine)

  1. thorn
  2. spine, prickle
  3. plug (electrical)
  4. bone (of fish)
  5. bunghole

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *speinā, from Proto-Indo-European *spey- (sharp point). Cognates include Latvian spina and Russian спина (spina).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spīna f (genitive spīnae); first declension

  1. a thorny tree or shrub, such as whitethorn, hawthorn, or blackthorn
  2. (transferred sense) thorn, spine, prickle
  3. A low wall along the centre of a circus (race course)
  4. (in the plural) difficulties

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spīna spīnae
Genitive spīnae spīnārum
Dative spīnae spīnīs
Accusative spīnam spīnās
Ablative spīnā spīnīs
Vocative spīna spīnae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: shpinë
  • Asturian: espina
  • Catalan: espina
  • Dalmatian: spaina
  • English: spine
  • French: épine
  • Friulian: spine
  • Galician: espiña

References[edit]

  • spina in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spina in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spina in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • spina in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • subtleties of logic; dilemmas: disserendi spinae (Fin. 4. 28. 79)
    • minute, captious subdivisions and definitions: spinae partiendi et definiendi (Tusc. 5. 8. 22)
  • spina in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spina in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • spina in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 580

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina

  1. Alternative form of spyne

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From spinać.

Noun[edit]

spina f

  1. (slang) sudden jitters or anxiety
  2. (dated) Augmentative of spinka; fastener
Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

spina

  1. third-person singular present of spinać

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

spina f

  1. (obsolete) spine, vertebral column
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • spina in Polish dictionaries at PWN