겨울

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as Middle Korean 겨ᅀᆞᆯ (Yale: kyezol). Also attested in the Seonjong yeonggajip eonhae (禪宗永嘉集諺解 / 선종영가집언해), 1456, as Middle Korean 겨ᅀᆞᆶ (Yale: kyezolh)..

Compare dialect forms 겨욹 (kyeoul), 저슭 (jeoseuk), 저싥 (jeosik), (juk), 겨을 (gyeo-eul), (jeol), 줄기 (julgi), 절기 (jeolgi), 저슬 (jeoseul), 저실 (jeosil), etc.).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[kjʌ̹uɭ]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? gyeoul
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gyeoul
McCune–Reischauer? kyŏul
Yale Romanization? kyewul

Noun[edit]

겨울 (gyeoul)

  1. winter

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • 겨우 (gyeou, “barely, with difficulty”)
  • (gyeol, “wave; annual ring, texture; verge”)
  • (, gyeol, “forming, binding”)

See also[edit]

  • (, dong) (used in compounds)
Seasons in Korean · 사철 (sacheol), 사계 (sagye, “four seasons”) (layout · text)
(bom, “spring”) 여름 (yeoreum, “summer”) 가을 (ga-eul, “fall; autumn”) 겨울 (gyeoul, “winter”)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rei Fukui (2017-03-28) 小倉進平『朝鮮語方言の研究』所載資料による言語地図とその解釈―第1集[1], 東京大学人文社会系研究科 韓国朝鮮文化研究室, page 13-16