겨울

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as Middle Korean 겨ᅀᅳᆶ〮 (Yale: kyèzúlh).

Compare dialect forms 겨욹 (gyeouk), 저슭 (jeoseuk), 저싥 (jeosik), (juk), 겨을 (gyeo-eul), (jeol), 줄기 (julgi), 절기 (jeolgi), 저슬 (jeoseul), 저실 (jeosil), etc.).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gyeoul
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gyeoul
McCune–Reischauer?kyŏul
Yale Romanization?kyewul
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 울의 / 울에 / 울까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

Noun[edit]

겨울 (gyeoul)

  1. winter
    Synonym: (Jeonnam) 시한 (sihan)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Seasons in Korean · 사철 (, sacheol), 사계 (四季, sagye, “four seasons”) (layout · text)
(bom, “spring”) 여름 (yeoreum, “summer”) 가을 (ga-eul, “fall; autumn”) 겨울 (gyeoul, “winter”)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rei Fukui (2017-03-28) 小倉進平『朝鮮語方言の研究』所載資料による言語地図とその解釈―第1集[1], 東京大学人文社会系研究科 韓国朝鮮文化研究室, page 13-16