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U+8028, 耨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8028

[U+8027]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8029]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 127, +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手木一女戈 (QDMVI), four-corner 51943, composition)

  1. hoe, rake
  2. weed

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 964, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28961
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1412, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2775, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8028

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*noːɡs, *nuːɡ
*noːɡs
*noːɡs
*rnoːɡ, *nuːɡ
*nuːɡ, *njoɡ
*nuːɡ
*njoɡ
*njoɡ
*njoɡ
*njoɡ
*njoɡ
*njoɡ
*njoɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *noːɡs, *nuːɡ): semantic  (plough) + phonetic  (OC *njoɡ).

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan; compare Mizo hnu (work finished; harvested or weed area) (Schuessler, 2007). (OC *nuːŋ) may be a derivative (ibid.).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (8) (8)
Final () (137) (6)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nəuH/ /nuok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəuH/ /nuok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/nəuH/ /nok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəwH/ /nawk̚/
Li
Rong
/nuH/ /nok̚/
Wang
Li
/nəuH/ /nuok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nə̯uH/ /nuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nòu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ nuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁok-s/
English to hoe, to weed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10869 10875
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*noːɡs/ /*nuːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical, agriculture) an ancient tool for weeding similar to a hoe
  2. (literary) to hoe; to weed
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. hoe, rake
  2. plough, plow
  3. kanji used to transliterate Buddhist terms borrowed from Sanskrit

Readings[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC nəuH):

From Middle Chinese (MC nuok̚):

Readings shared by both kanji:

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nu) (hangeul , revised nu, McCune–Reischauer nu, Yale nwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.