阿耨多羅三藐三菩提

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Chinese[edit]

excellent, incomparable, unsurpassed
trad. (阿耨多羅三藐三菩提) 阿耨多羅 三藐三菩提
simp. (阿耨多罗三藐三菩提) 阿耨多罗 三藐三菩提

Etymology[edit]

Transliteration of Sanskrit अनुत्तरा सम्यक् सम्बोधि (anuttarā samyak sambodhi).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Middle Chinese: /ʔɑ  nəuH  tɑ  lɑ  sɑm  miᴇuX  sɑm  buo  d͡ʑiᴇ/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 1/1 1/1 1/2 1/2 1/4 1/2
Initial () (34) (8) (5) (37) (16) (4) (3) (25)
Final () (94) (137) (94) (94) (143) (91) (23) (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open Open Open Open Open
Division () I I I I I III I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɑ/ /nəuH/ /tɑ/ /lɑ/ /sɑm/ /miᴇuX/ /buo/ /d͡ʑiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɑ/ /nəuH/ /tɑ/ /lɑ/ /sɑm/ /miɛuX/ /buo/ /d͡ʑiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑ/ /nəuH/ /tɑ/ /lɑ/ /sɑm/ /mjæuX/ /bo/ /d͡ʑjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔa/ /nəwH/ /ta/ /la/ /sam/ /miawX/ /bɔ/ /d͡ʑiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʔɑ/ /nuH/ /tɑ/ /lɑ/ /sɑm/ /miɛuX/ /bo/ /ʑie/
Wang
Li
/ɑ/ /nəuH/ /tɑ/ /lɑ/ /sɑm/ /mĭɛuX/ /bu/ /ʑǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑ/ /nə̯uH/ /tɑ/ /lɑ/ /sɑm/ /mi̯ɛuX/ /bʱuo/ /ʑie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ē nòu duō luó sān miǎo chí

Noun[edit]

阿耨多羅三藐三菩提

  1. (Buddhism) Anuttarā-samyak-saṃbodhi: the supreme perfect enlightenment

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (阿耨多羅三藐三菩提):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hsing Yun (Xingyun); Robert Smitheram (2011) The Universal Gate: A Commentary on Avalokitesvara's Universal Gate Sutra, Buddha's Light Publishing, →ISBN, page 187
  2. ^ Thomas Cleary (1998) The Sutra of Hui-neng, Grand Master of Zen: With Hui-neng's Commentary on the Diamond Sutra, Shambhala Publications, →ISBN, page 104

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
のく
Hyōgaiji

Grade: 2

Grade: S
さん
Grade: 1
みゃく
Hyōgaiji
さん
Grade: 1

Jinmeiyō
だい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit अनुत्तरा सम्यक् सम्बोधि (anuttarā samyak sambodhi, highest perfect awakening),[1][2][3] via Middle Chinese 阿耨多羅三藐三菩提 (MC ʔɑ nuok̚ tɑ lɑ sɑm mˠʌk̚ sɑm buo dei).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

阿耨多羅三藐三菩提 (あのくたらさんみゃくさんぼだい) (anokutara sanmyaku sanbodai)

  1. (Buddhism) anuttarā samyak saṃbodhi: the supreme perfect enlightenment

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ Brad Warner (2016) Don't Be a Jerk: And Other Practical Advice from Dogen, Japan's Greatest Zen Master — A Radical but Reverent Paraphrasing of Dogen's Treasury of the True Dharma Eye, illustrated edition, New World Library, →ISBN, page 35
  5. ^ Haruhiko Kindaichi; Umeyo Hirano; Mineharu Nakayama (2011) Japanese Language: Learn the Fascinating History and Evolution of the Language Along With Many Useful Japanese Grammar Points, Tuttle Publishing, →ISBN