機械

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See also: 机械

Chinese[edit]

machine; opportunity; secret tools
trad. (機械)
simp. (机械)

Etymology[edit]

Attestable in ancient Chinese texts.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ki-hāi - literary;
  • ki-hâi - colloquial variant.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (33)
Final () (20) (33)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨi/ /ɦˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨi/ /ɦᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəi/ /ɣɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨj/ /ɦəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kiəi/ /ɣɛiH/
Wang
Li
/kĭəi/ /ɣɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ke̯i/ /ɣăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiè
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiè
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjɨj › ‹ hɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kəj/ /*[m-k]ˁrək-s/
English mechanism fetters; weapon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 5788 6547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯl/ /*ɡrɯːɡs/

Noun[edit]

機械

  1. machine; machinery
    機械製造業 / 机械制造业  ―  jīxiè zhìzàoyè  ―  machinery manufacturing industry
    Synonym: 機器机器 (jīqì)
  2. (Classical Chinese) machination

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (機械):
  • Japanese: ()(かい) (kikai)
  • Korean: 기계 (機械, gigye)
  • Vietnamese: cơ giới (機械)

Adjective[edit]

機械

  1. (figuratively) stiff; inflexible

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
かい
Grade: 4
kan’on
For pronunciation and definitions of 機械 – see the following entry.
器械きかい
[noun] 機械, 器械: [from 1850s] any powered mechanical device for performing work
[noun] 機械: a machine, equipment, an apparatus
[noun] 機械, 器械: [from 1520] (archaic) a clockwork, a mechanism, especially one using strings and pulleys
[noun] 機械: [from 1862] (uncommon, biology) an internal organ, biological machinery
[noun] 機械: [from 1899] (uncommon) a means for accomplishing a goal
(This term, 機械, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese term.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

機械 (gigye) (hangeul 기계)

  1. Hanja form? of 기계 (machinery or heavy equipment).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

機械

  1. Hán tự form of cơ giới (machine; motor).