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From Middle High German abfal, abefal, equivalent to ab- (from) +‎ Fall (fall). Compare German Low German Offall, Dutch afval, English offal. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)


  • IPA(key): [ˈapfal]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Ab‧fall


Abfall m (strong, genitive Abfalles or Abfalls, plural Abfälle)

  1. waste, garbage, rubbish, litter
    Synonym: Müll
    radioaktiver Abfallradioactive waste
  2. decrease, decline, drop
  3. (religion) apostasy
    Abfall vom Glaubenapostasy from the creed
  4. (obsolete) shutter, lid
    • 1680, Franciszek à Mesgnien Meninski, “Abfall”, in Thesaurus linguarum orientalium, Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae, praecipuas earum opes à Turcis peculiariter usurpatas continens, nimirum Lexicon Turkico-Arabico-Persicum[1] (in Ottoman Turkish, Turkish, Latin, German, Italian, French, and Polish), Vienna, column 3865:
      کپنک kepenk. Decipula & janua seu fenestra lignea, quae elevatur in officinis, aut tabernis ad arcendam pluviam, umbramque captandam. Abfall/Ladenfall Trappola di casa, balconata di bottega. Lápáczká/dách u kramnicy.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Polish: abfal (obsolete)

Further reading[edit]

  • Abfall” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Abfall” in Duden online