断る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ことわ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Originally a compound of ‎(koto, words) +‎ 割る ‎(waru, split).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

断る ‎(transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ことわる, romaji kotowaru)

  1. to refuse, to reject, to turn down
  2. to announce in advance, especially to ask for permission
    本題 (ほんだい) (はい) (まえ) (ことわ)っておく
    hondai ni hairu mae ni kotowatte oku
    to give some notices before coming to the main topic

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9