собака

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Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
Собака

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Iranian; compare Zoroastrian Dari sabah, Old Median σπάκα (the source of Old Armenian ասպակ (aspak, dog)), Avestan [script needed] (spaka-, dog-like).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sɐˈbakə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к)

  1. dog
    сторожева́я соба́каstoroževája sobákawatchdog
    дворо́вая соба́каdvoróvaja sobákacur, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где соба́ка зарыта!Vot gde sobáka zaryta!Now I see it!
    Его́ ка́ждая соба́ка зна́етJevó káždaja sobáka znájetEveryone knows him.
    голо́дный как соба́каgolódnyj kak sobákaas hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как соба́каzamjórznutʹ kak sobákato be chilled to the marrow
    ну́жный как соба́ке пя́тая нога́núžnyj kak sobáke pjátaja nogáneed like a hole in the head
    соба́ку съестьsobáku sʺjestʹto know something inside out
    уста́ть как соба́каustátʹ kak sobákato be dog-tired
  2. hound
    соба́ка-ище́йкаsobáka-iščéjkabloodhound
  3. (derogatory) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “собака”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress



Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk
собака

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákam anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog (animal)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. (figuratively, derogatory) scoundrel, detestable person

Declension[edit]

References[edit]