собака

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Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
Соба́ка

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic собака (sobaka), derived from Middle Iranian *sabāka-; compare Zoroastrian Dari [script needed] (sabah), Old Median σπάκα (spā́kəʰ) [the source of Old Armenian ասպակ (aspak, dog)], Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬀𐬐𐬀(spaka, dog-like). Cognates include Ukrainian соба́ка (sobáka), Belarusian саба́ка (sabáka), Polish sobaka (dialectal), Sanskrit शुनक (śunaka).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sɐˈbakə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к, related adjective соба́чий, diminutive соба́чка)

  1. dog
    Synonym: пёс (pjos)
    сторожева́я соба́каstoroževája sobákawatchdog
    дворо́вая соба́каdvoróvaja sobákacur, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где соба́ка зарыта!Vot gde sobáka zaryta!Now I see it!
    Его́ ка́ждая соба́ка зна́етJevó káždaja sobáka znájetEveryone knows him. (literally, “Every dog knows him”)
    голо́дный как соба́каgolódnyj kak sobákaas hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как соба́каzamjórznutʹ kak sobákato be chilled to the marrow
    злой как соба́каzloj kak sobákamad as hell
    [lit. "angry as a dog']
    ну́жный как соба́ке пя́тая нога́núžnyj kak sobáke pjátaja nogáneed like a hole in the head
    [lit. Need like a fifth foot to a dog]
    соба́ку съестьsobáku sʺjestʹto know something inside out
    уста́ть как соба́каustátʹ kak sobákato be dog-tired
  2. hound
    соба́ка-ище́йкаsobáka-iščéjkabloodhound
  3. (derogatory) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

Declension[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Southern Yukaghir: тоукэ (towke)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “собака”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress



Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk
собака

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic собака (sobaka), derived from Middle Iranian *sabāka-. Cognate to Belarusian саба́ка (sabáka) and Russian соба́ка (sobáka), Polish sobaka (dialectal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákam animal or f animal (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к)

  1. dog (animal)
    Synonyms: пес (pes) (poetic), су́ка (súka, female dog)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákam pers or f pers (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к)

  1. (figuratively, derogatory) scoundrel, detestable person

Declension[edit]

References[edit]