собака

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Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
Собака

Etymology[edit]

Either from an Iranian or Turkic language. What makes Russian sobaka so crucial is that it occurs only in the Median language in a closer or identical form.[1] In the mid-5th century BCE, Herodotus (Histories 1.110) wrote that σπάκα (spaka) was the Median word for a female dog. Alternatively, it may come from a Turkic language via dialectal change of s to k change;[2] compare Turkish köpek. Turkic probably had both forms, *kopak(V) and *sopak(V).[1] Trubachev offers a similar k ~ s sound shifting case for Russian сорок.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к)

  1. dog
    сторожева́я соба́каstoroževája sobákawatchdog
    дворо́вая соба́каdvoróvaja sobákacur, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где соба́ка зарыта!Vot gde sobáka zaryta!Now I see it!
    Его́ ка́ждая соба́ка зна́етJevó káždaja sobáka znájetEveryone knows him.
    голо́дный как соба́каgolódnyj kak sobákaas hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как соба́каzamjórznutʹ kak sobákato be chilled to the marrow
    ну́жный как соба́ке пя́тая нога́núžnyj kak sobáke pjátaja nogáneed like a hole in the head
    соба́ку съестьsobáku sʺjestʹto know something inside out
    уста́ть как соба́каustátʹ kak sobákato be dog-tired
  2. hound
    соба́ка-ище́йкаsobáka-iščéjkabloodhound
  3. (pejorative) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karatay (2009), in Journal of Eurasian Studies, Volume I., Issue 3. Page 49.
  2. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 702-3
  3. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 723.

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk
собака

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog (animal)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. (figuratively, pejorative) scoundrel, detestable person

Declension[edit]

References[edit]