sár

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *sairą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sár n (genitive singular sárs, plural sár)

  1. wound

Declension[edit]

n3 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sár sárið sár sárini
Accusative sár sárið sár sárini
Dative sári sárinum sárum sárunum
Genitive sárs sársins sára sáranna

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sár ‎(plural sarak)

  1. mud

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative sár sarak
accusative sarat sarakat
dative sárnak saraknak
instrumental sárral sarakkal
causal-final sárért sarakért
translative sárrá sarakká
terminative sárig sarakig
essive-formal sárként sarakként
essive-modal
inessive sárban sarakban
superessive sáron sarakon
adessive sárnál saraknál
illative sárba sarakba
sublative sárra sarakra
allative sárhoz sarakhoz
elative sárból sarakból
delative sárról sarakról
ablative sártól saraktól

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

(Expressions):


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sárr, from Proto-Germanic *sairaz.

Adjective[edit]

sár ‎(comparative sárari, superlative sárastur)

  1. painful, sore syn.
    Á! Þetta er sárt!
    Ouch! This hurts!
  2. bitter, distressing syn.
  3. hurt, offended, embittered syn.
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *sairą.

Noun[edit]

sár n ‎(genitive singular sárs, nominative plural sár)

  1. a wound syn.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *saihaz.

Noun[edit]

sár m ‎(genitive singular sás, nominative plural sáir)

  1. cask
Declension[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a conflation of Old Irish sár m ‎(chief, ruler) and English tsar, Russian царь ‎(carʹ), from Old East Slavic цьсарь ‎(cĭsarĭ), from Old Church Slavonic цѣсарь ‎(cěsarĭ), from Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌰𐍂 ‎(kaisar, emperor), from Latin Caesar. The Old Irish may be elliptical for some such compound like (modern) sárfhear

Noun[edit]

sár m ‎(genitive singular sáir, nominative plural sáir)

  1. tsar
  2. (literary) overlord, ruler
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish sár m ‎(outrage, insult, humiliation).

Noun[edit]

sár m ‎(genitive singular sáir)

  1. (literary) violation, outrage; humiliation
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sár shár
after "an", tsár
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "sár" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 sár” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 3 sár” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.