sár

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *sairą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sár n (genitive singular sárs, plural sár)

  1. wound

Declension[edit]

Declension of sár
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative sár sárið sár sárini
accusative sár sárið sár sárini
dative sári sárinum sárum sárunum
genitive sárs sársins sára sáranna

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Oghur *šār (compare Chuvash шур (šur, swamp)), from Proto-Turkic *siāŕ (marsh, dirt). Compare also Bashkir һаҙ (hað, swamp, marsh), Kazakh саз (saz, mud).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃaːr]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sár

Noun[edit]

sár (plural sarak)

  1. mud

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative sár sarak
accusative sarat sarakat
dative sárnak saraknak
instrumental sárral sarakkal
causal-final sárért sarakért
translative sárrá sarakká
terminative sárig sarakig
essive-formal sárként sarakként
essive-modal
inessive sárban sarakban
superessive sáron sarakon
adessive sárnál saraknál
illative sárba sarakba
sublative sárra sarakra
allative sárhoz sarakhoz
elative sárból sarakból
delative sárról sarakról
ablative sártól saraktól
Possessive forms of sár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. saram saraim
2nd person sing. sarad saraid
3rd person sing. sara sarai
1st person plural sarunk saraink
2nd person plural saratok saraitok
3rd person plural saruk saraik

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

(Expressions):


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sárr, from Proto-Germanic *sairaz.

Adjective[edit]

sár (comparative sárari, superlative sárastur)

  1. painful, sore syn.
    Á! Þetta er sárt!
    Ouch! This hurts!
  2. bitter, distressing syn.
  3. hurt, offended, embittered syn.
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *sairą.

Noun[edit]

sár n (genitive singular sárs, nominative plural sár)

  1. a wound syn.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *saihaz.

Noun[edit]

sár m (genitive singular sás, nominative plural sáir)

  1. cask
Declension[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a conflation of Old Irish sár m (chief, ruler) and English tsar, Russian царь (carʹ), from Old East Slavic цьсарь (cĭsarĭ), from Old Church Slavonic цѣсарь (cěsarĭ), from Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌰𐍂 (kaisar, emperor), from Latin Caesar. The Old Irish may be elliptical for some such compound like (modern) sárfhear

Noun[edit]

sár m (genitive singular sáir, nominative plural sáir)

  1. tsar
  2. (literary) overlord, ruler
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish sár m (outrage, insult, humiliation).

Noun[edit]

sár m (genitive singular sáir)

  1. (literary) violation, outrage; humiliation
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sár shár
after an, tsár
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "sár" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 sár” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 3 sár” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.