tsar

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian царь (carʹ), from Old East Slavic цьсарь (cĭsarĭ), from Old Church Slavonic цѣсарь (cěsarĭ), from Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌰𐍂 (kaisar), from Byzantine Greek Καῖσαρ (Kaîsar), ultimately from Latin Caesar.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tsar (plural tsars)

  1. (historical) An emperor of Russia (1547 to 1917) and of some South Slavic kingdoms.
  2. (figuratively) A person with great power; an autocrat.
  3. (informal, politics, US) An appointed official tasked to regulate or oversee a specific area.
    drug czar

Usage notes[edit]

  • (emperor of Russia): Officially, emperors after 1721 were styled imperator (импера́тор (imperátor)) rather than tsar (царь (carʹ)), but the latter term is still commonly applied to them.
  • The term sometimes refers to other emperors, besides those of Russia.
  • The spelling czar is most common one in the US, especially in the figurative and informal senses. Scholarly literature prefers tsar.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Funk, W. J., Word origins and their romantic stories, New York, Wilfred Funk, Inc.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

tsar m (plural tsars)

  1. tsar

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian царь (carʹ), from Old East Slavic цьсарь (cĭsarĭ), from Old Church Slavonic цѣсарь (cěsarĭ) believed to come from Latin Caesar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tsar m (plural tsars)

  1. czar (Russian nobility)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Noun[edit]

tsar m (plural tsares)

  1. tsar

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

tsar m (plural tsares, feminine tsarina, feminine plural tsarinas)

  1. Alternative form of czar

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian царь (carʹ), from Old East Slavic цьсарь (cĭsarĭ), from Old Church Slavonic цѣсарь (cěsarĭ), from Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌰𐍂 (kaisar, emperor), from Latin Caesar.

Noun[edit]

tsar c

  1. tsar

Declension[edit]

Declension of tsar 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tsar tsaren tsarer tsarerna
Genitive tsars tsarens tsarers tsarernas

Tocharian A[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰesr-, from *ǵʰes-. Cognate with Albanian dorë, Ancient Greek χείρ (kheír), Old Armenian ձեռն (jeṙn), Hittite [script needed] (kessar). Compare Tocharian B ṣar.

Noun[edit]

tsar m

  1. hand