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- 3 Galician
- 4 Portuguese
- 5 Swedish
- 6 Tocharian A
- (UK) IPA(key): /tsɑː/, /sɑː/, /zɑː/
- (US) IPA(key): /zɑɹ/, /tsɑɹ/, /sɑɹ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)
- Homophone: Saar
tsar (plural tsars)
- (historical) An emperor of Russia (before 1917) and of some South Slavic kingdoms.
- (figuratively) A person with great power; an autocrat.
- (informal, politics, US) An appointed official tasked to regulate or oversee a specific area.
- (emperor of Russia): Officially, emperors after 1721 were styled imperator (император (imperator)) rather than tsar (царь (carʹ)); however, the latter is commonly applied to them as well.
- Although commonly believed to mean specifically a Russian emperor, this is not necessarily the case.
- The spelling czar is the most common one in the US, especially in the figurative and informal senses. Scholarly literature prefers tsar.
tsar m (plural tsars)
- czar (Russian nobility)
tsar m (plural tsares)
- Alternative form of czar.
From Proto-Tocharian, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰesr-, from *ǵʰes-. Cognate with Albanian dorë, Ancient Greek χείρ (kheir), Old Armenian ձեռն (jeṙn), Hittite [script?] (kessar). Compare Tocharian B ṣar.