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From Latin modius, from modus (a measure) + -ius (forming adjectives). Cognate with muid.


modius (plural modii)

  1. (Ancient Rome, historical units of measure) A Roman dry measure of about a peck or 9 L.
  2. (historical units of measure) Various medieval units of dry and liquid volume.
  3. (religion, art) A bushel-shaped headdress worn by certain deities in classical art.


  • "modius, n.", in the Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press.




From modus (a measure) + -ius.


modius m (genitive modiī); second declension

  1. (historical units of measure) modius, a unit of dry measure (especially for grain) of about a peck or 9 L


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative modius modiī
genitive modiī modiōrum
dative modiō modiīs
accusative modium modiōs
ablative modiō modiīs
vocative modie modiī


Derived terms[edit]



  • modius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • modius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “modius”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • modius” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • corn had gone up to 50 denarii the bushel: ad denarios L in singulos modios annona pervenerat
  • modius in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • modius in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • modius in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin