yanmaq

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Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic јанмаг
Roman yanmaq
Perso-Arabic یانماق

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *jan- (to burn (intr.), blaze up).[1] Cognate with Karakhanid [script needed] (yan-, to burn), Turkish yanmak, Crimean Tatar yanmaq (to burn), Bashkir яныу (yanïw, to burn), Chuvash ҫунма (śunma, to burn, shine, worry, suffer), Kazakh жану (janw, to burn), Kyrgyz жануу (canuu, to burn), Turkmen ýanmak (to be burnt), Uzbek yonmoq (to ignite, glow), Yakut сандаар (sandaar, to shine) (< caus. *jan-tɨr-).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [jɑnmɑχ], [jɑmːɑχ]
  • Hyphenation: yan‧maq

Verb[edit]

yanmaq

  1. (intransitive) to burn, to get consumed by fire
    Sobada odun yanırdı.The firewood was burning in the stove.
    Stolun üstündə şam yanır.A candle is burning on the table.
  2. (intransitive) to burn down, to get destroyed by fire
    İkimərtəbəli ev təmamilə yanıb.A two floor house burnt down completely.
  3. (intransitive) to get damaged by heat or fire
    • 2017 July 29, Leyla Əliəkbər, N-Xeber.com[1]:
      Təxminən 3-4 yaşım olardı, təndirə düşüb elə yanmışdım ki, dözə bilmirdim.
      I was approximately 3-4 years old, I fell into a tandoor and got burnt so badly, I couldn't bare it.
  4. (intransitive) to get burnt (food)
    Kababı tez-tez çevirmək lazımdır ki, yanmasın.One has to turn the kabab over often, so it doesn't get burnt.
  5. (figuratively) to get burnt, to suffer a bitter failure
    • 2017 January 18, Əli Rəhimoğlu, News Milli.az[2]:
      - Sözün düzü, çox təkliflər gəldi, amma mən ehtiyat etdim. Bir dəfə yandım deyə, ikinci dəfə yanmaq istəmədim.
      To be honest, I received many offers, but I proceeded with caution. Because I got burnt once, I didn't want to get burnt again.
  6. (intransitive) to burn out, become clinically exhausted
    • 2017 October 6, Obyektiv.org[3]:
      Jurnalist xanım işdə "yandı" - Yorğunluqdan öldü
      Female journalist burned out at work - Died from exhaustion.
  7. (intransitive) to get sunburnt
    günəşdə yanmaqto get burnt by the sun
    Synonyms: qaralmaq
  8. (intransitive) to be alight, to be on
    İşıq niyə yanmır? Qaranlıqda oturmuşuq.Why isn't the light on? We're sitting in the darkness.
  9. (by extension, intransitive) to be on, to operate, to be in active state (about electric devices, engines etc.)
    Bütün gecə televizor yanırThe TV is on the whole night.
    Synonyms: işləmək
  10. (by extension, intransitive) to go on, start, power up, start operating, to turn on (about electric devices, engines etc.)
    Düyməyə basanda, işıq yanırWhen you press the button, the light goes on
    Kompyuterim köhnə olduğuna görə gec yanırBecause my computer is old, it starts slowly.
    Synonyms: açılmaq, işə düşmək, hərəkətə gəlmək
    Antonyms: sönmək
  11. (intransitive) to expire; to become void
    Hava limanına gec gəldim, biletim yandı.I was late to the airport, and my ticket became void.
  12. to expirience intense feelings
    1. (intransitive) to be furious, to be extremely annoyed
    2. (intransitive) to be burning (with an emotion, a feeling), to have a burning desire
      Sənin üçün yanıramI desire you (literally, “I am burning for you.”)
    3. (intransitive) to care for someone, worry, have concerns, be solicitous about something.
      • Before 1911, Mirza Alakbar Sabir, “Ağlaşma” (in Azerbaijani):
        Sənə nə, evin yıxılsın, füqəra üçün yanırsan?
        What do you care, damn you, for the poor?
    Synonyms: əziyyətini çəkmək, halına qalmaq, dərdini çəkmək

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*jan-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Verb[edit]

yanmaq


  1. to burn, to be on fire
  2. (in northern dialect also) to wake (see uyanmaq)