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A stative verb in -eō, -ēre originally meaning to be full, based on a then lost factitive nasal-infixed present from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥-n-éh₁-ti ~ *pl̥-n-h₁-énti (to fill), from the root *pleh₁- (to fill; full).[1][2]



polleō (present infinitive pollēre); second conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. to be strong or powerful; to prevail
    Synonyms: possum, queō, valeō, praevaleō, vigeō
    Antonym: nequeō
  2. to be potent, to operate (of medicines)
  3. to be worth; to have importance
  4. to be rich in


   Conjugation of polleō (second conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present polleō pollēs pollet pollēmus pollētis pollent
imperfect pollēbam pollēbās pollēbat pollēbāmus pollēbātis pollēbant
future pollēbō pollēbis pollēbit pollēbimus pollēbitis pollēbunt
passive present polleor pollēris,
pollētur pollēmur pollēminī pollentur
imperfect pollēbar pollēbāris,
pollēbātur pollēbāmur pollēbāminī pollēbantur
future pollēbor pollēberis,
pollēbitur pollēbimur pollēbiminī pollēbuntur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present polleam polleās polleat polleāmus polleātis polleant
imperfect pollērem pollērēs pollēret pollērēmus pollērētis pollērent
passive present pollear polleāris,
polleātur polleāmur polleāminī polleantur
imperfect pollērer pollērēris,
pollērētur pollērēmur pollērēminī pollērentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pollē pollēte
future pollētō pollētō pollētōte pollentō
passive present pollēre pollēminī
future pollētor pollētor pollentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pollēre pollērī
participles pollēns pollendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pollendī pollendō pollendum pollendō

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “polleō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*pleh₁”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 482-83

Further reading[edit]

  • polleo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • polleo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • polleo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.