wenn

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See also: Wenn and wénn

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Like wann, from Proto-Germanic *hwannē (at what time, when), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷo-, *kʷi- (interrogative base).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /vɛn/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

wenn (subordinating)

  1. when
    Sag bitte Bescheid, wenn du fertig bist!
    Tell me when you're done!
  2. if (on the condition that)
    Was tun, wenn ich nicht weiß, ob sie mich liebt?
    What (to do) if I don't know if she loves me?

Usage notes[edit]

Instead of using wenn to introduce a conditional clause, verb-initial (V1) word order can also be used:

Wird das nicht gemacht, müsste die Nutzung beschränkt werden.
(If) that is not done, then the uses must be limited.

In any case, the main clause can, but need not be, introduced by dann or so:

Bedenkt man, dass Gold recht schwer zu finden ist, so/dann ist es kein Wunder, dass es so wertvoll ist.
If we consider that gold is rather difficult to come by, it is no wonder that it is so precious.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • wenn in Duden online

Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hwannē (at what time, when), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷo-, *kʷi- (interrogative base).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

wenn (subordinating)

  1. when
  2. if (on the condition that)

See also[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wanjaz, diminutive of Proto-Germanic *wan- (swelling, growth, lump, tumor), of uncertain origin. Cognate with Middle Low German wene (wen), Middle Dutch wanne, wan (goiter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wenn m (nominative plural wennas)

  1. wen (cyst on the skin)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: wenne