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From Latin adiunctus, perfect passive participle of adiungō (join to), from ad + iungō (join). Doublet of adjoint.


  • IPA(key): /ˈædʒ.ʌŋkt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ad‧junct


adjunct (plural adjuncts)

  1. An appendage; something attached to something else in a subordinate capacity.
  2. A person associated with another, usually in a subordinate position; a colleague.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wotton to this entry?)
  3. (brewing) An unmalted grain or grain product that supplements the main mash ingredient.
  4. (dated, metaphysics) A quality or property of the body or mind, whether natural or acquired, such as colour in the body or judgement in the mind.
  5. (music) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key.
  6. (grammar) A dispensable phrase in a clause or sentence that amplifies its meaning, such as "for a while" in "I typed for a while".
  7. (syntax, X-bar theory) A constituent which is both the daughter and the sister of an X-bar.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 177:
      We can see from (34) that Determiners are sisters of N-bar and daughters of
      N-double-bar; Adjuncts are both sisters and daughters of N-bar; and Comple-
      ments are sisters of N and daughters of N-bar. This means that Adjuncts re-
      semble Complements in that both are daughters of N-bar; but they differ from
      Complements in that Adjuncts are sisters of N-bar, whereas Complements are
      sisters of N. Likewise, it means that Adjuncts resemble Determiners in that
      both are sisters of N-bar, but they differ from Determiners in that Adjuncts
      are daughters of N-bar, whereas Determiners are daughters of N-double-bar.
  8. (rhetoric) Symploce.
  9. (category theory) One of a pair of morphisms which relate to each other through a pair of adjoint functors.


Derived terms[edit]



adjunct (comparative more adjunct, superlative most adjunct)

  1. Connected in a subordinate function.
  2. Added to a faculty or staff in a secondary position.




From Middle Dutch adjoinct, from Latin adiunctus.


  • IPA(key): /ɑˈdjʏŋkt/, /ɑtˈjʏŋkt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ad‧junct
  • Rhymes: -ʏŋkt


adjunct m (plural adjuncten)

  1. An adjunct, a subordinate person, esp. an attendant of a government official.

Related terms[edit]