bombard

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See also: Bombard

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Verb:
    • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌbɒmˈbɑːd/
    • (US) IPA(key): /ˌbɑmˈbɑɹd/, /bəmˈbɑɹd/
    • (file)
  • Noun:

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bombard, from Middle French bombarde (a bombard, mortar, catapult"; also "a bassoon-like musical instrument), from Latin bombus (buzzing; booming).

The modern pronunciation is from modern French bombarde.

Noun[edit]

bombard (plural bombards)

  1. a medieval primitive cannon, used chiefly in sieges for throwing heavy stone balls.
    • 1603, Richard Knolles, The Generall Historie of the Turkes, [], London: [] Adam Islip, OCLC 837543169:
      They planted in divers places twelve great bombards, wherewith they threw huge stones into the air, which, falling down into the city, might break down the houses.
  2. (obsolete) a bassoon-like medieval instrument
  3. (obsolete) a large liquor container made of leather, in the form of a jug or a bottle.
  4. (poetic, rare) A bombardment.
    • 1807, Joel Barlow, The Columbiad
      With mines and parallels contracts the space;
      Then bids the battering floats his labors crown
      And pour their bombard on the shuddering town
  5. (music) A bombardon.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French bombarder, from Middle French bombarde (a bombard).

Verb[edit]

bombard (third-person singular simple present bombards, present participle bombarding, simple past and past participle bombarded)

  1. To continuously attack something with bombs, artillery shells or other missiles or projectiles.
    The enemy's stronghold was bombarded for 3 hours straight.
  2. (figuratively) To attack something or someone by directing objects at them.
  3. (figuratively) To continuously send or direct (at someone)
    I was bombarded with WhatsApp messages after appearing on the news.
    Please don't bombard me with questions right now, I'll answer them at the end of the statement.
  4. (physics) To direct at a substance an intense stream of high-energy particles, usually sub-atomic or made of at most a few atoms.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Derived terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French bombarde.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bombard (plural bombardes)

  1. (Late Middle English) cannon, bombard

Descendants[edit]

  • English: bombard
  • Scots: bombard

References[edit]