shale

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See also: shalë

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English schale ‎(shell, husk; scale), from Old English scealu ‎(shell, husk, pod), from Proto-Germanic *skalō (compare West Frisian skaal ‎(dish), Dutch schaal ‎(shell), schalie ‎(shale), German Schale ‎(husk, pod)), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kelo- ‎(split, cleaved) (compare Lithuanian skalà ‎(splinter), Old Church Slavonic скала ‎(skala, rock, stone), Polish skała ‎(rock), Albanian halë ‎(fish bone, splinter), Sanskrit [script needed] ‎(kalá, small part)), from *(s)kel- ‎(to split, cleave) (compare Hittite iškalla ‎(to tear apart, slit open), Lithuanian skélti ‎(to split), Ancient Greek [script needed] ‎(skállein, to hoe, harrow)).

Noun[edit]

a shale outcrop on Mars

shale ‎(plural shales)

  1. A shell or husk; a cod or pod.
    • Chapman
      the green shales of a bean
  2. (geology) A fine-grained sedimentary rock of a thin, laminated, and often friable, structure.
    • 2007 March 23, Patricia Leigh Brown, “The Window Box Gets Some Tough Competition”[1], New York Times:
      As on all large green roofs, the soil is not dirt exactly but a gravel-like growing medium of granulated pumice, shales, clays and other minerals.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

shale ‎(third-person singular simple present shales, present participle shaling, simple past and past participle shaled)

  1. To take off the shell or coat of.

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Chickasaw[edit]

Noun[edit]

shale

  1. bus