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See also: TST and ṯst

Middle Persian[edit]


Cognate with Avestan 𐬙𐬀𐬱𐬙𐬀(tašta, bowl), Manichaean Parthian [Manichaean needed] (tʾst /tāst/, cup), Northern Kurdish teşt, Pashto طشت(tašt). Ultimately from the past participle of the Proto-Iranian *taš- (to make, construct; to cut, verb), from Proto-Indo-European *tetḱ-.


tšt' (tašt)

  1. bowl



  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “tašt”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 82
  • Horn, Paul (1893), “tešt”, in Grundriss der neupersischen Etymologie (in German), Strasbourg: K.J. Trübner, § 389, page 87
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 251
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “տաշտ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 370–371
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 384–385