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From Proto-Italic *teksō, perhaps from either Proto-Indo-European *tḗtḱ-ti or *teḱ-se-ti, both from *teḱ- (to beget, produce).[1] Compare Ancient Greek τίκτω (tíktō), Hittite 𒈭𒆠𒅖𒍣 (tákkišzi, to arrange, prepare), Sanskrit ताष्टि (tā́ṣṭi), Middle High German dehsen (to break flax), Old High German tāht (wick). On the basis of Old Armenian թեքեմ (tʻekʻem, to bend; to fashion, forge), the root has alternatively been reconstructed as *tek- (to weave, fashion).[2]





texō (present infinitive texere, perfect active texuī, supine textum); third conjugation

  1. to weave, knit
  2. to plait, intertwine


   Conjugation of texō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present texō texis texit teximus texitis texunt
imperfect texēbam texēbās texēbat texēbāmus texēbātis texēbant
future texam texēs texet texēmus texētis texent
perfect texuī texuistī texuit texuimus texuistis texuērunt,
pluperfect texueram texuerās texuerat texuerāmus texuerātis texuerant
future perfect texuerō texueris texuerit texuerimus texueritis texuerint
passive present texor texeris,
texitur teximur teximinī texuntur
imperfect texēbar texēbāris,
texēbātur texēbāmur texēbāminī texēbantur
future texar texēris,
texētur texēmur texēminī texentur
perfect textus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect textus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect textus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present texam texās texat texāmus texātis texant
imperfect texerem texerēs texeret texerēmus texerētis texerent
perfect texuerim texuerīs texuerit texuerīmus texuerītis texuerint
pluperfect texuissem texuissēs texuisset texuissēmus texuissētis texuissent
passive present texar texāris,
texātur texāmur texāminī texantur
imperfect texerer texerēris,
texerētur texerēmur texerēminī texerentur
perfect textus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect textus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present texe texite
future texitō texitō texitōte texuntō
passive present texere teximinī
future texitor texitor texuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives texere texuisse textūrum esse texī textum esse textum īrī
participles texēns textūrus textus texendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
texendī texendō texendum texendō textum textū




  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “texō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 619
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2. *tek-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 619–620

Further reading

  • texo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • texo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • texo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • texo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.