testudo

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See also: Testudo

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin testūdō ‎(tortoise, turtle, lyre, type of military shelter).

Noun[edit]

testudo ‎(plural testudos or testudoes or testudines)

  1. (historical, Roman antiquity) A shelter formed by a body of troops by holding their shields or targets close together over their heads.
  2. (music) A kind of lyre; so called in allusion to the lyre of Mercury, fabled to have been made of the shell of a tortoise.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin testūdō ‎(tortoise).

Noun[edit]

testudo ‎(accusative singular testudon, plural testudoj, accusative plural testudojn)

  1. tortoise, turtle

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From testa ‎(fragment of earthenware; shell or covering).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

testūdō f ‎(genitive testūdinis); third declension

  1. tortoise, turtle
  2. tortoise-shell
  3. (by extension) lyre, lute
  4. (by extension, military) covering, shed, shelter
  5. (by extension, in buildings) arch, vault

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative testūdō testūdinēs
genitive testūdinis testūdinum
dative testūdinī testūdinibus
accusative testūdinem testūdinēs
ablative testūdine testūdinibus
vocative testūdō testūdinēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • testudo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • testudo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • TESTUDO” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • testudo” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to advance to the walls protected by a covering of shields: testudine facta moenia subire (B. G. 2. 6)
  • testudo in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • testudo” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • testudo in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin