fahren

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See also: Fähren

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German faran, from Proto-Germanic *faraną. Compare Dutch varen, English fare, Danish fare.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfaːʁən/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /faːn/ (colloquial, particularly northern and central Germany)
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

fahren ‎(class 6 strong, third-person singular simple present fährt, past tense fuhr, past participle gefahren, past subjunctive führe, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive, of a person) to go (by vehicle); to sail; to travel
    Wir fahren diesen Sommer nach Holland.
    “We’re going to Holland this summer.” [Implying a trip by car, bike, train, or ship.]
  2. (intransitive, of a person) to leave (by vehicle)
    Wir fahren jetzt. — “We’re leaving now.”
  3. (intransitive, of a vehicle) to go; to run; to drive; to sail
    Autos können schneller fahren als Fahrräder.
    “Cars can go faster than bikes.”
  4. (intransitive, of a vehicle) to leave; to depart
    Beeil dich! Der Zug fährt jetzt gleich.
    “Hurry up! The train is departing in a moment.”
  5. (transitive or intransitive) to drive; to ride; to sail (a vehicle)
    Sie fährt einen roten Wagen. — “She drives a red car.”
    Er fährt wie ein Bekloppter. — “He drives like a maniac.”
  6. (transitive) to take (someone somewhere by vehicle); to drive; to transport
    Ich fahre dich zum Bahnhof. — “I’ll take you to the train station.”

Usage notes[edit]

  • In intransitive uses, the perfect auxiliary is always sein: Wir sind diesen Sommer nach Holland gefahren.
  • In transitive uses, the perfect auxiliary ought to be haben according to standard grammar: Sie hat einen roten Wagen gefahren. However, sein is also used, chiefly in (colloquial) speech: Sie ist einen roten Wagen gefahren.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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