perfundo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From per- +‎ fundo

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

perfundō (present infinitive perfundere, perfect active perfūdī, supine perfūsum); third conjugation

  1. I pour (liquid) over or through; I perfuse
  2. I flood or bathe
  3. I imbue

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of perfundo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perfundō perfundis perfundit perfundimus perfunditis perfundunt
imperfect perfundēbam perfundēbās perfundēbat perfundēbāmus perfundēbātis perfundēbant
future perfundam perfundēs perfundet perfundēmus perfundētis perfundent
perfect perfūdī perfūdistī perfūdit perfūdimus perfūdistis perfūdērunt, perfūdēre
pluperfect perfūderam perfūderās perfūderat perfūderāmus perfūderātis perfūderant
future perfect perfūderō perfūderis perfūderit perfūderimus perfūderitis perfūderint
passive present perfundor perfunderis, perfundere perfunditur perfundimur perfundiminī perfunduntur
imperfect perfundēbar perfundēbāris, perfundēbāre perfundēbātur perfundēbāmur perfundēbāminī perfundēbantur
future perfundar perfundēris, perfundēre perfundētur perfundēmur perfundēminī perfundentur
perfect perfūsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect perfūsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect perfūsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perfundam perfundās perfundat perfundāmus perfundātis perfundant
imperfect perfunderem perfunderēs perfunderet perfunderēmus perfunderētis perfunderent
perfect perfūderim perfūderīs perfūderit perfūderīmus perfūderītis perfūderint
pluperfect perfūdissem perfūdissēs perfūdisset perfūdissēmus perfūdissētis perfūdissent
passive present perfundar perfundāris, perfundāre perfundātur perfundāmur perfundāminī perfundantur
imperfect perfunderer perfunderēris, perfunderēre perfunderētur perfunderēmur perfunderēminī perfunderentur
perfect perfūsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect perfūsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perfunde perfundite
future perfunditō perfunditō perfunditōte perfunduntō
passive present perfundere perfundiminī
future perfunditor perfunditor perfunduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives perfundere perfūdisse perfūsūrus esse perfundī perfūsus esse perfūsum īrī
participles perfundēns perfūsūrus perfūsus perfundendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
perfundere perfundendī perfundendō perfundendum perfūsum perfūsū

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • perfundo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • perfundo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • perfundo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a thing makes a pleasant impression on the senses: aliquid sensus iucunditate perfundit
    • to be bathed in tears: in lacrimas effundi or lacrimis perfundi
    • to revel in pleasure, be blissfully happy: voluptate perfundi
    • to be filled with delight: gaudio perfundi
    • to fill the souls of one's audience with devotion: audientium animos religione perfundere (Liv. 10. 388)