funda

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See also: Funda, fundá, and fundà

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of fundamental, originating in Indian English.

Noun[edit]

funda (countable and uncountable, plural fundas or fundae or fundaes)

  1. (India) Basics or fundamentals, considered as a unit.
    Get your funda correct before you submit the paper.
    What is the funda behind relativity?
    • 1992 [1]
      In my opinion, the funda is as follows:
  2. (India) Understanding.
    • 1993, [2]
      You did not have the funda to realize that the statistics is an ass.
    • 1993, [3]
      But then, your funda is weak.

Usage notes[edit]

Whilst fundaes and fundae both occur as the plural of funda, fundas is far more widespread. The pluralization to fundae is by analogy to formula/formulae. The pluralization to fundas is by the simple addition of -s.

The word is frequently used in Indian quizzing circles to denote the interesting fact or concept behind a question.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

funda

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of fundar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of fundar

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From fundur +‎ -a.

Verb[edit]

funda (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative fundaði, supine fundað)

  1. (intransitive) to meet, to gather
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of fundur (meeting).

Noun[edit]

funda

  1. indefinite genitive plural of fundur

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

funda f (genitive fundae); first declension

  1. a hand-sling (contrasted with fustibalus (a sling-staff”, “a stick sling))
Declension[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative funda fundae
Genitive fundae fundārum
Dative fundae fundīs
Accusative fundam fundās
Ablative fundā fundīs
Vocative funda fundae
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • funda in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • funda in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • funda in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • funda in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • funda in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Etymology 2[edit]

A conjugated form of fundō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fundā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of fundō

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin fundus (bottom).

Adjective[edit]

funda

  1. Feminine singular of adjective fundo.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin funda (sling).

Noun[edit]

funda f (plural fundas)

  1. sling (cloth weapon)
    • Bible, 1 Samuel 17:50
      Portanto, Davi, com uma funda e uma pedra, mostrou ser mais forte que o Filisteu, e o entregou à morte, e não havia espada na mão de Davi.
      So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
  2. catapult, slingshot (elastic weapon)
  3. sling (hanging bandage)
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French fonder, based on Romanian fund.

Verb[edit]

a funda (third-person singular present fundează, past participle fundat1st conj.

  1. to found, set a foundation

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfunda/, [ˈfũn̪d̪a]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin funda.

Noun[edit]

funda f (plural fundas)

  1. case, cover; wrapping
  2. (Dominican Republic, slang) small bag
    Synonyms: bolsa, saco
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

funda

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of fundar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of fundar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of fundar.

funda

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of fundir.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of fundir.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of fundir.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of fundir.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • Orlando Alba, Cómo hablamos los dominicanos, Santo Domingo, Amigo del Hogar, 2003. (full text)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish فونده(funda), from Greek φούντα (foúnta, shrub; flake, fringe) from Hellenistic φοῦνδα (phoûnda), from Latin funda (hand-sling, net).

Noun[edit]

funda (definite accusative fundayı, plural fundalar)

  1. shrub, heath
  2. (botanics) heath

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Meyer, Gustav (1892), “Türkische Studien. I. Die griechischen und romanischen Bestandtheile im Wortschatze des Osmanisch-Türkischen”, in Sitzungsberichte der philosophisch-historischen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (in German), volume 128, Wien: In Commission bei F. Tempsky, page 89
  • φούντα in Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-fúnda, from Proto-Bantu *-túnda.

Verb[edit]

-fúnda

  1. (intransitive) to learn
  2. (transitive) to read

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-fúnda, from Proto-Bantu *-túnda.

Verb[edit]

-fúnda

  1. (intransitive) to learn
  2. (transitive) to study
  3. (transitive) to read
Inflection[edit]
Tone H
Infinitive ukufunda
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukufunda ukungafundi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular funda -funde
Plural fundani -fundeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyafunda, ngifunda engifundayo, engifunda ngifunda angifundi engingafundi ngingafundi
2nd singular uyafunda, ufunda ofundayo, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
1st plural siyafunda, sifunda esifundayo, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
2nd plural niyafunda, nifunda enifundayo, enifunda nifunda anifundi eningafundi ningafundi
Class 1 uyafunda, ufunda ofundayo, ofunda efunda akafundi ongafundi engafundi
Class 2 bayafunda, bafunda abafundayo, abafunda befunda abafundi abangafundi bengafundi
Class 3 uyafunda, ufunda ofundayo, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
Class 4 iyafunda, ifunda efundayo, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 5 liyafunda, lifunda elifundayo, elifunda lifunda alifundi elingafundi lingafundi
Class 6 ayafunda, afunda afundayo, afunda efunda awafundi angafundi engafundi
Class 7 siyafunda, sifunda esifundayo, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
Class 8 ziyafunda, zifunda ezifundayo, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 9 iyafunda, ifunda efundayo, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 10 ziyafunda, zifunda ezifundayo, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 11 luyafunda, lufunda olufundayo, olufunda lufunda alufundi olungafundi lungafundi
Class 14 buyafunda, bufunda obufundayo, obufunda bufunda abufundi obungafundi bungafundi
Class 15 kuyafunda, kufunda okufundayo, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Class 17 kuyafunda, kufunda okufundayo, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngifundile, ngifundē engifundile, engifundē ngifundile, ngifundē angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nifundile, nifundē enifundile, enifundē nifundile, nifundē anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē efundile, efundē akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bafundile, bafundē abafundile, abafundē befundile, befundē abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lifundile, lifundē elifundile, elifundē lifundile, lifundē alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 afundile, afundē afundile, afundē efundile, efundē awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lufundile, lufundē olufundile, olufundē lufundile, lufundē alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bufundile, bufundē obufundile, obufundē bufundile, bufundē abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāfunda engāfunda ngāfunda angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nāfunda enāfunda nāfunda anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 wāfunda owāfunda āfunda akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bāfunda abāfunda bāfunda abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lāfunda elāfunda lāfunda alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 āfunda āfunda āfunda awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lwāfunda olwāfunda lwāfunda alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bāfunda obāfunda bāfunda abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingafunda ngingafunda ngingefunde ngingefunde
2nd singular ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
1st plural singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
2nd plural ningafunda ningafunda ningefunde ningefunde
Class 1 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 2 bangafunda bengafunda bangefunde bengefunde
Class 3 ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
Class 4 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 5 lingafunda lingafunda lingefunde lingefunde
Class 6 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 7 singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
Class 8 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 9 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 10 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 11 lungafunda lungafunda lungefunde lungefunde
Class 14 bungafunda bungafunda bungefunde bungefunde
Class 15 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Class 17 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizofunda engizofunda ngizofunda angizufunda engingezufunda ngingezufunda
2nd singular uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ongezufunda ungezufunda
1st plural sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda esingezufunda singezufunda
2nd plural nizofunda enizofunda nizofunda anizufunda eningezufunda ningezufunda
Class 1 uzofunda ozofunda ezofunda akazufunda ongezufunda engezufunda
Class 2 bazofunda abazofunda bezofunda abazufunda abangezufunda bengezufunda
Class 3 uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ongezufunda ungezufunda
Class 4 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda engezufunda ingezufunda
Class 5 lizofunda elizofunda lizofunda alizufunda elingezufunda lingezufunda
Class 6 azofunda azofunda ezofunda awazufunda angezufunda engezufunda
Class 7 sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda esingezufunda singezufunda
Class 8 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda ezingezufunda zingezufunda
Class 9 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda engezufunda ingezufunda
Class 10 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda ezingezufunda zingezufunda
Class 11 luzofunda oluzofunda luzofunda aluzufunda olungezufunda lungezufunda
Class 14 buzofunda obuzofunda buzofunda abuzufunda obungezufunda bungezufunda
Class 15 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda okungezufunda kungezufunda
Class 17 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda okungezufunda kungezufunda
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyofunda engiyofunda ngiyofunda angiyufunda engingeyufunda ngingeyufunda
2nd singular uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ongeyufunda ungeyufunda
1st plural siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda esingeyufunda singeyufunda
2nd plural niyofunda eniyofunda niyofunda aniyufunda eningeyufunda ningeyufunda
Class 1 uyofunda oyofunda eyofunda akayufunda ongeyufunda engeyufunda
Class 2 bayofunda abayofunda beyofunda abayufunda abangeyufunda bengeyufunda
Class 3 uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ongeyufunda ungeyufunda
Class 4 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda engeyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 5 liyofunda eliyofunda liyofunda aliyufunda elingeyufunda lingeyufunda
Class 6 ayofunda ayofunda eyofunda awayufunda angeyufunda engeyufunda
Class 7 siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda esingeyufunda singeyufunda
Class 8 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda ezingeyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 9 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda engeyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 10 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda ezingeyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 11 luyofunda oluyofunda luyofunda aluyufunda olungeyufunda lungeyufunda
Class 14 buyofunda obuyofunda buyofunda abuyufunda obungeyufunda bungeyufunda
Class 15 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda okungeyufunda kungeyufunda
Class 17 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda okungeyufunda kungeyufunda
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngifunde ngingafundi
2nd singular ufunde ungafundi
1st plural sifunde singafundi
2nd plural nifunde ningafundi
Class 1 afunde angafundi
Class 2 bafunde bangafundi
Class 3 ufunde ungafundi
Class 4 ifunde ingafundi
Class 5 lifunde lingafundi
Class 6 afunde angafundi
Class 7 sifunde singafundi
Class 8 zifunde zingafundi
Class 9 ifunde ingafundi
Class 10 zifunde zingafundi
Class 11 lufunde lungafundi
Class 14 bufunde bungafundi
Class 15 kufunde kungafundi
Class 17 kufunde kungafundi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngafunda ngangafunda, angafunda, angangafunda
2nd singular wafunda wangafunda, awafunda, awangafunda
1st plural safunda sangafunda, asafunda, asangafunda
2nd plural nafunda nangafunda, anafunda, anangafunda
Class 1 wafunda wangafunda, akafunda, akangafunda
Class 2 bafunda bangafunda, abafunda, abangafunda
Class 3 wafunda wangafunda, awafunda, awangafunda
Class 4 yafunda yangafunda, ayafunda, ayangafunda
Class 5 lafunda langafunda, alafunda, alangafunda
Class 6 afunda angafunda, awafunda, awangafunda
Class 7 safunda sangafunda, asafunda, asangafunda
Class 8 zafunda zangafunda, azafunda, azangafunda
Class 9 yafunda yangafunda, ayafunda, ayangafunda
Class 10 zafunda zangafunda, azafunda, azangafunda
Class 11 lwafunda lwangafunda, alwafunda, alwangafunda
Class 14 bafunda bangafunda, abafunda, abangafunda
Class 15 kwafunda kwangafunda, akwafunda, akwangafunda
Class 17 kwafunda kwangafunda, akwafunda, akwangafunda
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-kúnda.

Verb[edit]

-funda?

  1. (transitive) to swallow (food)
Inflection[edit]
Tone H
Infinitive ukufunda
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukufunda ukungafundi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular funda -funde
Plural fundani -fundeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyafunda, ngifunda engifundayo, engifunda ngifunda angifundi engingafundi ngingafundi
2nd singular uyafunda, ufunda ofundayo, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
1st plural siyafunda, sifunda esifundayo, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
2nd plural niyafunda, nifunda enifundayo, enifunda nifunda anifundi eningafundi ningafundi
Class 1 uyafunda, ufunda ofundayo, ofunda efunda akafundi ongafundi engafundi
Class 2 bayafunda, bafunda abafundayo, abafunda befunda abafundi abangafundi bengafundi
Class 3 uyafunda, ufunda ofundayo, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
Class 4 iyafunda, ifunda efundayo, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 5 liyafunda, lifunda elifundayo, elifunda lifunda alifundi elingafundi lingafundi
Class 6 ayafunda, afunda afundayo, afunda efunda awafundi angafundi engafundi
Class 7 siyafunda, sifunda esifundayo, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
Class 8 ziyafunda, zifunda ezifundayo, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 9 iyafunda, ifunda efundayo, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 10 ziyafunda, zifunda ezifundayo, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 11 luyafunda, lufunda olufundayo, olufunda lufunda alufundi olungafundi lungafundi
Class 14 buyafunda, bufunda obufundayo, obufunda bufunda abufundi obungafundi bungafundi
Class 15 kuyafunda, kufunda okufundayo, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Class 17 kuyafunda, kufunda okufundayo, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngifundile, ngifundē engifundile, engifundē ngifundile, ngifundē angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nifundile, nifundē enifundile, enifundē nifundile, nifundē anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē efundile, efundē akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bafundile, bafundē abafundile, abafundē befundile, befundē abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lifundile, lifundē elifundile, elifundē lifundile, lifundē alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 afundile, afundē afundile, afundē efundile, efundē awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lufundile, lufundē olufundile, olufundē lufundile, lufundē alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bufundile, bufundē obufundile, obufundē bufundile, bufundē abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāfunda engāfunda ngāfunda angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nāfunda enāfunda nāfunda anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 wāfunda owāfunda āfunda akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bāfunda abāfunda bāfunda abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lāfunda elāfunda lāfunda alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 āfunda āfunda āfunda awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lwāfunda olwāfunda lwāfunda alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bāfunda obāfunda bāfunda abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingafunda ngingafunda ngingefunde ngingefunde
2nd singular ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
1st plural singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
2nd plural ningafunda ningafunda ningefunde ningefunde
Class 1 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 2 bangafunda bengafunda bangefunde bengefunde
Class 3 ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
Class 4 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 5 lingafunda lingafunda lingefunde lingefunde
Class 6 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 7 singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
Class 8 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 9 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 10 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 11 lungafunda lungafunda lungefunde lungefunde
Class 14 bungafunda bungafunda bungefunde bungefunde
Class 15 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Class 17 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizofunda engizofunda ngizofunda angizufunda engingezufunda ngingezufunda
2nd singular uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ongezufunda ungezufunda
1st plural sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda esingezufunda singezufunda
2nd plural nizofunda enizofunda nizofunda anizufunda eningezufunda ningezufunda
Class 1 uzofunda ozofunda ezofunda akazufunda ongezufunda engezufunda
Class 2 bazofunda abazofunda bezofunda abazufunda abangezufunda bengezufunda
Class 3 uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ongezufunda ungezufunda
Class 4 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda engezufunda ingezufunda
Class 5 lizofunda elizofunda lizofunda alizufunda elingezufunda lingezufunda
Class 6 azofunda azofunda ezofunda awazufunda angezufunda engezufunda
Class 7 sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda esingezufunda singezufunda
Class 8 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda ezingezufunda zingezufunda
Class 9 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda engezufunda ingezufunda
Class 10 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda ezingezufunda zingezufunda
Class 11 luzofunda oluzofunda luzofunda aluzufunda olungezufunda lungezufunda
Class 14 buzofunda obuzofunda buzofunda abuzufunda obungezufunda bungezufunda
Class 15 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda okungezufunda kungezufunda
Class 17 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda okungezufunda kungezufunda
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyofunda engiyofunda ngiyofunda angiyufunda engingeyufunda ngingeyufunda
2nd singular uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ongeyufunda ungeyufunda
1st plural siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda esingeyufunda singeyufunda
2nd plural niyofunda eniyofunda niyofunda aniyufunda eningeyufunda ningeyufunda
Class 1 uyofunda oyofunda eyofunda akayufunda ongeyufunda engeyufunda
Class 2 bayofunda abayofunda beyofunda abayufunda abangeyufunda bengeyufunda
Class 3 uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ongeyufunda ungeyufunda
Class 4 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda engeyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 5 liyofunda eliyofunda liyofunda aliyufunda elingeyufunda lingeyufunda
Class 6 ayofunda ayofunda eyofunda awayufunda angeyufunda engeyufunda
Class 7 siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda esingeyufunda singeyufunda
Class 8 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda ezingeyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 9 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda engeyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 10 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda ezingeyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 11 luyofunda oluyofunda luyofunda aluyufunda olungeyufunda lungeyufunda
Class 14 buyofunda obuyofunda buyofunda abuyufunda obungeyufunda bungeyufunda
Class 15 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda okungeyufunda kungeyufunda
Class 17 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda okungeyufunda kungeyufunda
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngifunde ngingafundi
2nd singular ufunde ungafundi
1st plural sifunde singafundi
2nd plural nifunde ningafundi
Class 1 afunde angafundi
Class 2 bafunde bangafundi
Class 3 ufunde ungafundi
Class 4 ifunde ingafundi
Class 5 lifunde lingafundi
Class 6 afunde angafundi
Class 7 sifunde singafundi
Class 8 zifunde zingafundi
Class 9 ifunde ingafundi
Class 10 zifunde zingafundi
Class 11 lufunde lungafundi
Class 14 bufunde bungafundi
Class 15 kufunde kungafundi
Class 17 kufunde kungafundi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngafunda ngangafunda, angafunda, angangafunda
2nd singular wafunda wangafunda, awafunda, awangafunda
1st plural safunda sangafunda, asafunda, asangafunda
2nd plural nafunda nangafunda, anafunda, anangafunda
Class 1 wafunda wangafunda, akafunda, akangafunda
Class 2 bafunda bangafunda, abafunda, abangafunda
Class 3 wafunda wangafunda, awafunda, awangafunda
Class 4 yafunda yangafunda, ayafunda, ayangafunda
Class 5 lafunda langafunda, alafunda, alangafunda
Class 6 afunda angafunda, awafunda, awangafunda
Class 7 safunda sangafunda, asafunda, asangafunda
Class 8 zafunda zangafunda, azafunda, azangafunda
Class 9 yafunda yangafunda, ayafunda, ayangafunda
Class 10 zafunda zangafunda, azafunda, azangafunda
Class 11 lwafunda lwangafunda, alwafunda, alwangafunda
Class 14 bafunda bangafunda, abafunda, abangafunda
Class 15 kwafunda kwangafunda, akwafunda, akwangafunda
Class 17 kwafunda kwangafunda, akwafunda, akwangafunda

References[edit]