- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈmænɪˌfoʊld/, (nonstandard) /ˈmɛnɪˌfoʊld/, /ˈmɛniˌfoʊld/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmænɪˌfəʊld/
Audio (US) (file)
- Hyphenation: man‧i‧fold
- Rhymes: -ænɪfoʊld
- Rhymes: -əʊld
From Middle English manifold, from Old English maniġfeald (“manifold, various, varied, complicated, numerous, abundant, plural”), from Proto-Germanic *managafalþaz, equivalent to many + -fold. Cognate with Middle High German manecvalt (“manifold”), Icelandic margfaldr (“multiple”). Compare also German mannigfaltig (“various”), Dutch menigvoudig (“various”), Danish mangefold (“multiple”), Swedish mångfald (“diversity”).
- Various in kind or quality; diverse.
- The manifold meanings of the simple English word set are infamous among dictionary makers.
- Many in number, numerous; multiple, multiplied.
- 1549 March 7, Thomas Cranmer [et al.], compilers, “The Supper of the Lorde, and the Holy Communion, Commonly Called the Masse”, in The Booke of the Common Prayer and Administration of the Sacramentes, […], London: […] Edowardi Whitchurche […], →OCLC, folio cxxix, recto:
- And although we be vnworthy (through our manyfolde ſynnes) to offre vnto thee any Sacryfice: Yet we beſeche thee to accepte thys our bounden duetie and ſeruice: and commande theſe our prayers and ſupplicacions, by the Miniſtery of thy holy Angels, to be brought vp into thy holy Tabernacle before the ſyght of thy dyuine maieſtie: […]
- Exhibited at diverse times or in various ways.
- (various in kind or quality): diverse, various, varied, multiplicitous; See also Thesaurus:heterogeneous
- (many in number): multiple, numerous; see also Thesaurus:manifold
- Many times; repeatedly.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, book 1, canto 12:
- when his daughter deare he does behold, / Her dearely doth imbrace, and kisseth manifold.
manifold (plural manifolds)
- (historical) A copy made by the manifold writing process.
- (mechanics) A pipe fitting or similar device that connects multiple inputs or outputs.
- (US, dialectal, chiefly in the plural) The third stomach of a ruminant animal, an omasum.
- 1830, Anson, Somerset Co. Me., retrieved 12 June 2007:
- My conjecture being right he will find the third stomach, or manifolds, the seat of difficulty.
- (mathematics) A topological space that looks locally like the "ordinary" Euclidean space and is Hausdorff.
- (computer graphics) A polygon mesh representing the continuous, closed surface of a solid object
- In mathematics, a manifold of some number of dimensions n is termed an n-manifold (e.g. 3-manifold).
- almost complex manifold
- almost symplectic manifold
- Calabi–Yau manifold
- calibrated manifold
- complex manifold
- contact manifold
- CR manifold
- Finsler manifold
- Hermitian manifold
- Hyperkähler manifold
- Kähler manifold
- Lie group
- pseudo-Riemannian manifold
- Riemannian manifold
- Sasakian manifold
- semi-Riemannian manifold
- spin manifold
- symplectic manifold
- connected manifold
- E8 manifold
- Einstein manifold
- Finsler manifold
- G2 manifold
- Kervaire manifold
- Lorentzian manifold
- manifold with boundary
- n-dimensional manifold
- non-Hausdorff manifold
- non-smoothable manifold
- pure manifold
- Quaternionic Kähler manifold
- real manifold
- Ricci-flat manifold
- Spin(7) manifold
- Weeks manifold
- Whitehead manifold
From Middle English manifolden, from Old English maniġfealdan (“to multiply, abound, increase, extend, reward”), equivalent to many + -fold. Cognate with Middle High German manecvalten, Icelandic margfalda (“to multiply”), Swedish mångfaldiga (“to manifold, reproduce”).
- (transitive) To make manifold; multiply.
- (transitive, printing) To multiply or reproduce impressions of by a single operation.
manifold m (plural manifolds)