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Borrowed from Latin cippus (stake, post).



cippus (plural cippuses or cippi)

Funerary cippus from Sidon
  1. A small, low pillar, square or round, commonly having an inscription, used by the ancients for various purposes, as for indicating the distances of places, for a landmark, for sepulchral inscriptions, etc.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for cippus in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Alternative forms[edit]


Some offer connection with Latin Scipiō and Ancient Greek σκήπτω (skḗptō) from Proto-Indo-European *skap-, whence also Latin scāpus, scamnum, English shaft.



cippus m (genitive cippī); second declension

  1. stake, post
  2. gravestone, tombstone
  3. landmark, boundary marker
  4. (military, in the plural) bulwark of sharpened stakes


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cippus cippī
genitive cippī cippōrum
dative cippō cippīs
accusative cippum cippōs
ablative cippō cippīs
vocative cippe cippī



  • cippus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cippus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cippus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cippus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • cippus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cippus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin