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flōrēs lūteī (yellow flowers)


A root noun interpreted as an s-stem noun, from Proto-Italic *flōs, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃-s (flower, blossom), from *bʰleh₃- (to bloom). Cognates include Ancient Greek φύλλον (phúllon), Gothic 𐌱𐌻𐍉𐌼𐌰 (blōma) and Old English blōstm, blæd (leaf) (English blossom, blade).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /floːs/, [fɫoːs]
  • (file)


flōs m (genitive flōris); third declension

  1. flower, blossom
  2. (figuratively) the best kind or part of something
  3. (figuratively) the prime; best state of things
  4. (figuratively) an ornament or embellishment


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative flōs flōrēs
Genitive flōris flōrum
Dative flōrī flōribus
Accusative flōrem flōrēs
Ablative flōre flōribus
Vocative flōs flōrēs

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  • flos in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • flos in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • flos in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • flos in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the prime of youthful vigour: flos aetatis
    • the perfume exhaled by flowers: odores, qui efflantur e floribus
    • (ambiguous) flowers of rhetoric; embellishments of style: lumina, flores dicendi (De Or. 3. 25. 96)
    • (ambiguous) a glorious expanse of flowers: laetissimi flores (Verr. 4. 48. 107)