flos

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Latin[edit]

flōrēs lūteī (yellow flowers)

Etymology[edit]

A root noun interpreted as an s-stem noun, from Proto-Italic *flōs, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃-s (flower, blossom), from *bʰleh₃- (to bloom). Cognates include Ancient Greek φύλλον (phúllon), Gothic 𐌱𐌻𐍉𐌼𐌰 (blōma), Old English blōstm, blæd (leaf) (English blossom, blade) and Sanskrit फुलम् (phulam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

flōs m (genitive flōris); third declension

  1. flower, blossom
  2. (figuratively) the best kind or part of something
  3. (figuratively) the prime; best state of things
  4. (figuratively) an ornament or embellishment

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative flōs flōrēs
genitive flōris flōrum
dative flōrī flōribus
accusative flōrem flōrēs
ablative flōre flōribus
vocative flōs flōrēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • flos in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • flos in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “flos”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • flos” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the prime of youthful vigour: flos aetatis
    • the perfume exhaled by flowers: odores, qui efflantur e floribus
    • (ambiguous) flowers of rhetoric; embellishments of style: lumina, flores dicendi (De Or. 3. 25. 96)
    • (ambiguous) a glorious expanse of flowers: laetissimi flores (Verr. 4. 48. 107)