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flōrēs lūteī (yellow flowers)


A root noun interpreted as an s-stem noun, from Proto-Italic *flōs, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃-s (flower, blossom), from *bʰleh₃- (to bloom). Cognates include Ancient Greek φύλλον (phúllon), Gothic 𐌱𐌻𐍉𐌼𐌰 (blōma) and Old English blōstm, blæd (leaf) (English blossom, blade).



flōs m (genitive flōris); third declension

  1. flower, blossom
  2. (figuratively) the best kind or part of something
  3. (figuratively) the prime; best state of things
  4. (figuratively) an ornament or embellishment


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative flōs flōrēs
Genitive flōris flōrum
Dative flōrī flōribus
Accusative flōrem flōrēs
Ablative flōre flōribus
Vocative flōs flōrēs

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  • flos in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • flos in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • flos in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • flos in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the prime of youthful vigour: flos aetatis
    • the perfume exhaled by flowers: odores, qui efflantur e floribus
    • (ambiguous) flowers of rhetoric; embellishments of style: lumina, flores dicendi (De Or. 3. 25. 96)
    • (ambiguous) a glorious expanse of flowers: laetissimi flores (Verr. 4. 48. 107)