마름

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Korean[edit]

Water chestnut at Yongjusa temple in Hwaseong.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Korean 말ᄫᅡᆷ〯 (Yale: màlWǎm), 말왐〯 (Yale: màlwǎm), from (Yale: màl, “water chestnut?”) + 밤〯 (Yale: pǎm, “chestnut”).[1]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 말ᄫᅡᆷ〯 (Yale: màlWǎm).[1] Compare Southeastern Korean 말밤 (malbam) which appears to retain the shape of the original compound.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?mareum
Revised Romanization (translit.)?maleum
McCune–Reischauer?marŭm
Yale Romanization?malum

Noun[edit]

마름 (mareum)

  1. water chestnut, water caltrop (Trapa japonica)
    Synonym: (dialectal) 마래미 (maraemi)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lee, Ki-Moon; Ramsey, S. Robert (2011) A History of the Korean Language, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 138
  • Martin, Samuel E.; Yang Ha Lee; Sung-Un Chang (1975) A Korean-English Dictionary, New Haven: Yale University Press, page 562.