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See also: Anarchist


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From French anarchiste, from Ancient Greek ἀναρχία (anarkhía) from the roots ἀν- (an-, without) + ἀρχή (arkhḗ, rule).



anarchist (plural anarchists)

  1. One who believes in or advocates the absence of hierarchy and authority in most forms (compare anarchism), especially one who works toward the realization of such.
    • 2000 August 5, Joseph Kahn, “Anarchism, the Creed That Won't Stay Dead; The Spread of World Capitalism Resurrects a Long-Dormant Movement”, in The New York Times[1], ISSN 0362-4331:
      But nothing has revived anarchism like globalization. Anarchists are now battling what they see as a concentration of power in multinational corporations.
  2. One who disregards laws and social norms as a form of rebellion against authority.
  3. (by extension) One who promotes chaos and lawlessness.
    Synonym: nihilist
    • 1929, Alexander Berkman, “Is Anarchism Violence?”, in Now and After: The ABC of Communist Anarchism, New York: Vanguard Press, OCLC 83572649:
      You have heard that Anarchists throw bombs, that they believe in violence, and that Anarchy means disorder and chaos.
  4. One who resents outside control or influence on their life, in particular a government, and therefore desires the absence of political control.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Self-identified anarchists in sense 1 may object to the use of this term in senses 2 and 3.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]


anarchist (comparative more anarchist, superlative most anarchist)

  1. (somewhat rare) Relating to anarchism or to anarchists; anarchistic.




Borrowed from French anarchiste.


  • IPA(key): /ɑ.nɑrˈxɪst/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: an‧ar‧chist
  • Rhymes: -ɪst


anarchist m (plural anarchisten, diminutive anarchistje n)

  1. anarchist [from late 18th c.]


  • Afrikaans: anargis
  • Indonesian: anarkis