矛盾

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Chinese[edit]

spear; lance; pike shield
simp. and trad.
(矛盾)
alternative forms 矛楯
Literally: “lance and shield”.
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Etymology[edit]

From a tale in Han Feizi [circa 2nd century BC].

:「。」:「。」:「何如?」不可不可 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
:“。”:“。”:“何如?”不可不可 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Han Feizi, circa 2nd century BCE
Chǔ rén yǒu yù dùnmáo zhě, yù zhī yuē: “Wú dùn zhī jiān, wù mò néng xiàn zhī.” Yǐ yù qí máo yuē: “Wú máo zhī lì, yú wù wú bù xiàn yě.” Huò yuē: “Yǐ zǐ zhī máo xiàn zǐ zhī dùn, hérú?” Qí rén fú néng yìng yě. Fú bùkě xiàn zhī dùn yǔ wú bù xiàn zhī máo, bùkě tóng shì ér lì. [Pinyin]
There was once a man in the state of Chu, who was selling shields and lances. He was praising them saying: “My shields are so firm, that there is nothing that can pierce them.” He praised his lances saying: “My lances are so sharp, that there is nothing that they cannot pierce.” Someone asked: “What if you used your lances to pierce your shields?” The man could not answer. A shield that cannot be pierced and a lance that can pierce everything cannot exist in the same world.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (4) (27) (7)
Final () (136) (47) (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed Closed
Division () III III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨu/ /ʑiuɪnX/ /duənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/miu/ /ʑʷinX/ /duonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/miəu/ /ʑjuenX/ /duənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muw/ /ʑwinX/ /dwənX/
Li
Rong
/miu/ /d͡ʑiuĕnX/ /duənX/
Wang
Li
/mĭəu/ /d͡ʑĭuĕnX/ /duənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ə̯u/ /d͡ʑʰi̯uĕnX/ /dʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
móu shùn dùn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mau4 seon6 deon6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
máo dùn
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuw › ‹ dwonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m(r)u/ /*lˁu[n]ʔ/
English a kind of lance shield

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 8814 2623 2631
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mu/ /*l'uːnʔ/ /*ɦljunʔ/

Noun[edit]

矛盾

  1. contradiction; inconsistency; disagreement; incongruity
    加劇矛盾加剧矛盾  ―  jiājù máodùn  ―  heightening the contradictions
  2. problem; issue; conflict
    階級矛盾阶级矛盾  ―  jiējí máodùn  ―  class conflict
    種族矛盾种族矛盾  ―  zhǒngzú máodùn  ―  ethnic conflict
  3. (logic, philosophy) paradox

Synonyms[edit]

  • (problem):
edit

Adjective[edit]

矛盾

  1. conflicted; vacillating between two options
    心裡矛盾心里矛盾  ―  Tā de xīnli hěn máodùn.  ―  He is feeling really conflicted.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (矛盾):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
じゅん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 矛盾 (MC mɨu ʑiuɪnX), literally (lance, spear) + (shield). See the Chinese etymology section for the full derivation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(じゅん) (mujun

  1. a contradiction, an inconsistency, a paradox

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

()(じゅん)する (mujun surusuru (stem ()(じゅん) (mujun shi), past ()(じゅん)した (mujun shita))

  1. to be inconsistent, to be in contradiction, to be incompatible with
    (かれ)今日(きょう)(しゅ)(ちょう)する(ない)(よう)昨日(きのう)(こう)(どう)()(じゅん)している。
    Kare ga kyō shuchō suru naiyō wa kinō no kōdō to mujun shite iru.
    What he's going on about today isn't compatible with his behavior yesterday.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

矛盾 (mosun) (hangeul 모순)

  1. Hanja form? of 모순 (contradiction).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

矛盾

  1. chữ Hán form of mâu thuẫn (contradiction).