The past participle of Middle English werken (“to work”), from Old English wyrcan (past tense worhte, past participle geworht), from Proto-Germanic *wurkijaną (“to work”), from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ- (“to work”). Cognate with wright (as in wheelwright etc.), Dutch gewrocht, archaic past participle of werken (archaic past tense wrocht, archaic past part. gewrocht), Low German wracht, archaic past participle of warken (archaic past tense wrach, archaic past part. wracht).
- Having been worked or prepared somehow.
- Is that fence made out of wrought iron?
- simple past tense and past participle of
2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
- Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
- (see usage notes) simple past tense and past participle of
- In contemporary English, wrought is usually not interchangeable with worked, the more common past and past participle of work.
- While wrought usually lends a more archaic flavor, it is still fairly common in certain transitive constructions, e.g. in to work miracles.
- Because the phrase "work havoc" has become uncommon, its past tense "wrought havoc" is now sometimes misinterpreted as being a past tense of "wreak havoc".