senatus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From senex ‎(old); literally, a chamber of older (or senior) men.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

senātus m ‎(genitive senātūs); fourth declension

  1. the senate or parliament; the Roman Senate

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative senātus senātūs
genitive senātūs senātuum
dative senātuī senātibus
accusative senātum senātūs
ablative senātū senātibus
vocative senātus senātūs

Note: Old forms of the genitive singular are senatuis and senati.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • senatus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • senatus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • SENATUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • senatus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to expel from the senate: e senatu eicere
    • to expel from the senate: senatu movere
    • to elect to the senate: in senatum legere, eligere
    • to call a meeting of the senate: senatum vocare, convocare
    • to assemble the senate: senatum cogere (Liv. 3. 39)
    • to issue a proclamation calling on the senators to assemble in full force: edicere, ut senatus frequens adsit (Fam. 11. 6. 2)
    • to hold a sitting of the senate: senatum habere
    • to bring a question before the senate (of the presiding magistrate): ad senatum referre (Cic. Dom. 53. 136)
    • to consult the senators on a matter: patres (senatum) consulere de aliqua re (Sall. Iug. 28)
    • the senate inclines to the opinion, decides for..: senatus sententia inclīnat ad... (De Sen. 6. 16)
    • the senate decreed (and the people ratified the decree) that..: senatus decrevit (populusque iussit) ut
    • a resolution of the senate (not opposed by a tribunicial veto) was made: senatus consultum fit (Att. 2. 24. 3)
    • the opinion of the senate in general: senatus auctoritas
    • to give a man audience before the senate: senatum alicui dare (Q. Fr. 2. 11. 2)
    • a matter is referred (for decision) from the senate to the people: a senatu res ad populum reicitur
    • to dismiss the senate: dimittere senatum
    • night breaks up the sitting: nox senatum dirimit
    • the senate decrees to Africanus the honours of a triumph: triumphum senatus Africano decernit (Fin. 4. 9. 22)
    • he received from the senate the title of friend: a senatu amicus appellatus est (B. G. 1. 3)
  • senatus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • senatus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • senatus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin