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See also: Senatus



From Latin senatus.



  1. A governing body in certain universities.




From senex (old) +‎ -ātus; literally, a chamber of elders.



senātus m (genitive senātūs); fourth declension

  1. the senate or parliament; the Roman Senate, a council of elders
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita.2:
      O tempora, o mores! Senatus haec intellegit, consul videt; hic tamen vivit. Vivit?
      Shame on the age and on its principles! The senate is aware of these things; the consul sees them; and yet this man lives. Lives!
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.63-64:
      ‘nec nisi post annōs patuit tunc cūriā sērōs,
      nōmen et aetātis mīte senātus erat.’
      ‘‘Nor then was the Senate-house open [to a citizen] except after [his] latter years, and [the word] Senate [itself] was the mellow name of old age.’’
      (The muse Urania is speaking. “Senatus,” the Roman Senate, relates to another word that is “aetatis” or “of old age”: senex – i.e., the Senate was a council of elderly men.)
    • c. 82 C.E., Arch of Titus:
      The Senate and the People of Rome


Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative senātus senātūs
Genitive senātūs senātuum
Dative senātuī senātibus
Accusative senātum senātūs
Ablative senātū senātibus
Vocative senātus senātūs

Note: Old forms of the genitive singular are senātuis and senātī.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


All are borrowed; some Romance borrowings may be semi-learned.


  • senatus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • senatus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • senatus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • senatus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to expel from the senate: e senatu eicere
    • to expel from the senate: senatu movere
    • to elect to the senate: in senatum legere, eligere
    • to call a meeting of the senate: senatum vocare, convocare
    • to assemble the senate: senatum cogere (Liv. 3. 39)
    • to issue a proclamation calling on the senators to assemble in full force: edicere, ut senatus frequens adsit (Fam. 11. 6. 2)
    • to hold a sitting of the senate: senatum habere
    • to bring a question before the senate (of the presiding magistrate): ad senatum referre (Cic. Dom. 53. 136)
    • to consult the senators on a matter: patres (senatum) consulere de aliqua re (Sall. Iug. 28)
    • the senate inclines to the opinion, decides for..: senatus sententia inclīnat ad... (De Sen. 6. 16)
    • the senate decreed (and the people ratified the decree) that..: senatus decrevit (populusque iussit) ut
    • a resolution of the senate (not opposed by a tribunicial veto) was made: senatus consultum fit (Att. 2. 24. 3)
    • the opinion of the senate in general: senatus auctoritas
    • to give a man audience before the senate: senatum alicui dare (Q. Fr. 2. 11. 2)
    • a matter is referred (for decision) from the senate to the people: a senatu res ad populum reicitur
    • to dismiss the senate: dimittere senatum
    • night breaks up the sitting: nox senatum dirimit
    • the senate decrees to Africanus the honours of a triumph: triumphum senatus Africano decernit (Fin. 4. 9. 22)
    • he received from the senate the title of friend: a senatu amicus appellatus est (B. G. 1. 3)
  • senatus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • senatus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • senatus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin