인간

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Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Korean 인간 (ingan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

인간 (in-gan)

  1. man
  2. humanity

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 人間 (human world). In the Hangul script, first attested in the Beonyeok baktongsa (飜譯朴通事 / 번역박통사), before 1517, as Middle Korean ᅀᅵᆫ간 (Yale: zinkan). The most common modern sense of "human being" is an orthographic borrowing from Japanese 人間(にんげん) (ningen).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [inɡa̠n]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ingan
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ingan
McCune–Reischauer?in'gan
Yale Romanization?inkan
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 의 / 인에 / 인간

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the second syllable, except before consonant-initial multisyllabic suffixes, when it takes full low pitch.

Noun[edit]

인간 (ingan) (hanja 人間)

  1. human, human being
    인간 죽기 마련이다. (written register)
    Inganeun jukgi maryeonida.
    Humans are bound to die.
    Synonym: 사람 (saram, person)
  2. (rather derogatory) fellow, guy
    Synonym: 양반(兩班) (yangban)
  3. (dated, original meaning) human world, human society
  4. (North Korea) family member
    Synonym: 식구(食口) (sikgu)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]