-ton

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English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ton

  1. Place-name suffix, from the unstressed word "town".

Derived terms[edit]



Classical Nahuatl[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-tōn

  1. (added to nouns) A diminutive suffix; forms nouns denoting smallness, and rarely insignificance.
    ahaztli ‎(wing) → ahaztōntli ‎(small wing)
    conētl ‎(child) → conētōntli ‎(small child)
    māitl ‎(hand) → mātōntli ‎(small hand)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The diminutive element -tōn is inserted between the the noun stem and the absolutive or possessive ending if there is one.
  • The suffix -tōn takes the plural form -totōn(tin), undergoing reduplication plus the addition of the plural suffix -tin.
piltōntli ‎(small child) → pīpiltotōntin ‎(small children)
  • If the stem does not take an absolutive suffix (i.e. -li, -tl or -tli), the resulting diminutive does not either, and -tin is omitted in the plural.
chichitōn ‎(small dog) → chichitotōn ‎(small dogs)
  • The same can also happen with nouns taking the absolutive -in.
quimichin ‎(mouse) → quimichtōn ‎(small mouse), but citlālin ‎(star) → citlāltōntli ‎(small star)

Derived terms[edit]


Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1992, Frances Karttunen, An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl, University of Oklahoma Press, page 247:
  • 2001, James Lockhart, Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts, Stanford University Press, page 240:

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-t'oin, from Proto-Finno-Ugric.

Suffix[edit]

-ton ‎(front vowel harmony variant -tön)

  1. Indicates lack of something; -less.
    aika 'time' → ajaton 'timeless'
    järki 'sense' → järjetön 'senseless'
    maku 'taste' → mauton 'tasteless'
    ääri 'border' → ääretön 'infinite'

Usage notes[edit]

Added to the genitive singular (weak grade) stem.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -ton (Kotus type 34/onneton, tt-t gradation)
nominative -ton -ttomat
genitive -ttoman -ttomien
partitive -tonta -ttomia
illative -ttomaan -ttomiin
singular plural
nominative -ton -ttomat
accusative nom.? -ton -ttomat
gen. -ttoman
genitive -ttoman -ttomien
-tontenrare
partitive -tonta -ttomia
inessive -ttomassa -ttomissa
elative -ttomasta -ttomista
illative -ttomaan -ttomiin
adessive -ttomalla -ttomilla
ablative -ttomalta -ttomilta
allative -ttomalleˣ -ttomilleˣ
essive -ttomana -ttomina
translative -ttomaksi -ttomiksi
instructive -ttomin
abessive -ttomatta -ttomitta
comitative -ttomine

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]