aika

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See also: Aika

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑi̯kɑ/, [ˈɑi̯kɑ]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑikɑ
  • Syllabification: ai‧ka

Etymology 1[edit]

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From Proto-Finnic *aika, possibly borrowed from Proto-Germanic *aiwaz, but this has phonological problems. Compare Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃 (aiws, age, eternity); aivan (exactly; totally; indeed) may also be a borrowing from the same root.

Noun[edit]

aika

  1. time (temporal distance or duration)
    Se vaatii pitkän ajan.It takes a long time.
    kahden viikon ajaksifor (a period of) two weeks
  2. time (moment or period in time), moment
    tähän aikaan vuodestathis time of year
    Vanhat hyvät ajat ovat palanneet.The good old times have returned.
    Synonym: hetki
  3. appointment (arranged meeting)
    Minulla on aika lääkärille kello kymmeneltä.I have a doctor's appointment at ten o'clock.
Declension[edit]
  • Inflection of this word may seem somewhat irregular but it actually follows general rules. The k disappears in weak grades and because the i is inevitably pronounced as j between two vowels this is reflected in the spelling.
Inflection of aika (Kotus type 9/kala, ik-j gradation)
nominative aika ajat
genitive ajan aikojen
partitive aikaa aikoja
illative aikaan aikoihin
singular plural
nominative aika ajat
accusative nom. aika ajat
gen. ajan
genitive ajan aikojen
aikainrare
partitive aikaa aikoja
inessive ajassa ajoissa
elative ajasta ajoista
illative aikaan aikoihin
adessive ajalla ajoilla
ablative ajalta ajoilta
allative ajalle ajoille
essive aikana aikoina
translative ajaksi ajoiksi
instructive ajoin
abessive ajatta ajoitta
comitative aikoineen
Possessive forms of aika (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person aikani aikamme
2nd person aikasi aikanne
3rd person aikansa
Derived terms[edit]
adjectives
adverbs
idioms
nouns
phrases
postpositions
verbs
Compounds[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly related to aivan.

Adverb[edit]

aika

  1. quite, rather, fairly (a moderate qualifier)
    Summa on aika suuri.The sum is quite large.
    Tänään on aika kaunis ilma.It’s quite beautiful weather today.
    Synonyms: (colloquial) aikas, melko

Adjective[edit]

aika (uninflected)

  1. quite
    Hän on aika persoona.He is quite a personality.
See also[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *aika. Cognates include Finnish aika and Estonian aeg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aika (genitive ajan, partitive aikaa)

  1. time
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 29:
      Adverbat näyttäät paikkaa, tappaa, määrää, aikaa tali muuta obstojatelstvaa.
      Adverbs indicate place, habit, amount, time or other circumstances.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Lapset, kuunelkaa kaik! Jo ono şkouluu aika!
      Children, listen everyone! It is already time for school!
  2. epoch, age
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 7:
      Jo entisist ajoist, päiväist päivää inmihiset näkivät, jot päivyt liikkuu taivast mööt.
      Already since ancient times, day in day out people saw, that the Sun moves along the sky.
  3. (grammar) tense
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 104:
      Sitä kutsutaa tapahtuvaks ajaks tali preesensiks.
      These are called past tense or present.

Declension[edit]

Declension of aika (type 3/kana, ik-j gradation)
singular plural
nominative aika ajat
genitive ajan aikoin
partitive aikaa aikoja
illative aikaa aikoi
inessive ajas ajois
elative ajast ajoist
allative ajalle ajoille
adessive ajal ajoil
ablative ajalt ajoilt
translative ajaks ajoiks
essive aikanna, aikaan aikoinna, aikoin
exessive1) aikant aikoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Chernyavskij's declension of aika
singular plural
nominative aika aijjat
genitive aijjan aikkoin
partitive aikkaa aikkoja
illative aikkaa aikkoihe
inessive aijjaaz aijjoiz
elative aijjast aijjoist
allative aijjalle aijjoille
adessive aijjaal aijjoil
ablative aijjalt aijjoilt
translative aijjaks aijjoiks
essive aikkaan aikkoin
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 24
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 5
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[4], page 92
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[5], →ISBN, page 62

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

aika

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あいか

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *aika. Cognates include Finnish aika and Estonian aeg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aika (genitive aijan, partitive aikua)

  1. (North Karelian) time

Declension[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • aiga (South Karelian)

References[edit]

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 15
  • P. Zaykov; L. Rugoyeva (1999) Карельско-Русский словарь (Северно-Карельские диалекты) [Karelian-Russian dictionary (North Karelian dialects)], Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 8

Manchu[edit]

Romanization[edit]

aika

  1. Romanization of ᠠᡳᡴᠠ

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

Noun[edit]

aika (genitive aigaa, partitive aikaa)

  1. time

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • "aika" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

àìka

  1. the plant Lecaniodiscus cupanioides

Etymology 2[edit]

àì- (negative nominalizing prefix) +‎ (to read, to count)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

àìkà

  1. something unread
  2. the act of not reading
  3. something not counted
  4. the act of not counting
Derived terms[edit]