poika

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Finnish[edit]

(index po)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika, from Proto-Uralic *pojka. Cognate with Livvi poigu, Estonian poeg, poiss, Erzya буе (buje, area; gens; grandson), Khanty пох (pox), Mansi пыг (pyg, son, boy), Hungarian fiú.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpoi̯kɑ/, [ˈpo̞i̯kɑ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -oikɑ
  • Syllabification: poi‧ka

Noun[edit]

poika

  1. boy
  2. son
  3. young (an offspring of an animal, especially of a bird)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of poika (Kotus type 10/koira, ik-j gradation)
nominative poika pojat
genitive pojan poikien
partitive poikaa poikia
illative poikaan poikiin
singular plural
nominative poika pojat
accusative nom. poika pojat
gen. pojan
genitive pojan poikien
poikainrare
partitive poikaa poikia
inessive pojassa pojissa
elative pojasta pojista
illative poikaan poikiin
adessive pojalla pojilla
ablative pojalta pojilta
allative pojalle pojille
essive poikana poikina
translative pojaksi pojiksi
instructive pojin
abessive pojatta pojitta
comitative poikineen
Possessive forms of poika (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person poikani poikamme
2nd person poikasi poikanne
3rd person poikansa
  • Note: Inflection of this word is somewhat irregular. The k is lost in weak grades and the i changed to j.

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Elfdalian: påyk
  • Swedish: pojke

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *pojka. Cognates include Finnish poika and Estonian poeg.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Ala-Laukaa, Soikkola) IPA(key): /ˈpoi̯kɑ/
  • (Ylä-Laukaa) IPA(key): /ˈpoi̯ɡɑ/ (phonemic spelling: poiga)

Noun[edit]

poika (genitive pojan, partitive poikaa)

  1. boy
  2. son
  3. young (of an animal)

Declension[edit]

Declension of poika (type 3/poika, ik-j gradation)
singular plural
nominative poika pojat
genitive pojan poikiin
partitive poikaa poikia
illative poikaa poikii
inessive pojas pojis
elative pojast pojist
allative pojalle pojille
adessive pojal pojil
ablative pojalt pojilt
translative pojaks pojiks
essive poikanna
poikaan
poikinna
poikiin
exessive1) poikant poikint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 24
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 419

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika, from Proto-Uralic *pojka. Cognates include Finnish poika and Estonian poeg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poika (genitive pojan, partitive poikua)

  1. (North Karelian) boy
  2. (North Karelian) son
  3. (North Karelian) young (of an animal)

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • P. Zaykov; L. Rugoyeva (1999) Карельско-Русский словарь (Северно-Карельские диалекты) [Karelian-Russian dictionary (North Karelian dialects)], Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 140

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika, from Proto-Uralic *pojka.

Noun[edit]

poika (genitive poigaa, partitive poikaa)

  1. son

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • "poika" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat