poika

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika, from Proto-Uralic *pojka. Cognate with Livvi poigu, Estonian poeg, poiss, Erzya пиё (pijo, grandson), буе (buje, family line; area), Udmurt пие (pije), Khanty пох (pox), Mansi пыг (pyg, son, boy) and Hungarian fiú. The Finnic word has also been borrowed into Baltic (such as Latvian puika).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpoi̯kɑ/, [ˈpo̞i̯kɑ]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -oikɑ
  • Syllabification(key): poi‧ka

Noun[edit]

poika

  1. boy
  2. son
  3. young (an offspring of an animal, especially of a bird)
  4. (colloquial, humorous or familiar) guy, man

Declension[edit]

Inflection of poika (Kotus type 10/koira, ik-j gradation)
nominative poika pojat
genitive pojan poikien
partitive poikaa poikia
illative poikaan poikiin
singular plural
nominative poika pojat
accusative nom. poika pojat
gen. pojan
genitive pojan poikien
poikainrare
partitive poikaa poikia
inessive pojassa pojissa
elative pojasta pojista
illative poikaan poikiin
adessive pojalla pojilla
ablative pojalta pojilta
allative pojalle pojille
essive poikana poikina
translative pojaksi pojiksi
instructive pojin
abessive pojatta pojitta
comitative poikineen
Possessive forms of poika (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person poikani poikamme
2nd person poikasi poikanne
3rd person poikansa
  • Note: Inflection of this word is somewhat irregular. The k is lost in weak grades and the i changed to j.

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Elfdalian: påyk
  • Swedish: pojke

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *pojka. Cognates include Finnish poika and Estonian poeg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poika

  1. boy
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 36:
      Poika tuli tovarișșan kera kluubaa.
      The boy went to a club with [his] mate.
  2. son
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Metsävahti vei meijet kottii, jootti caajuul, ja hänen poika mäni meitä saattamaa.
      The forest ranger took us to [his] house, gave us tea to drink, and his son went to see us off.
  3. young (of an animal)
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 68:
      Kissan poika otti kiin hiiren.
      The cat's kitten caught a mouse.

Declension[edit]

Declension of poika (type 3/koira, ik-j gradation)
singular plural
nominative poika pojat
genitive pojan poikiin
partitive poikaa poikia
illative poikaa poikii
inessive pojas pojis
elative pojast pojist
allative pojalle pojille
adessive pojal pojil
ablative pojalt pojilt
translative pojaks pojiks
essive poikanna, poikaan poikinna, poikiin
exessive1) poikant poikint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 24
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 419

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of poika
North Karelian
(Viena)
poika
South Karelian
(Tver)
poiga

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika. Cognates include Finnish poika and Estonian poeg.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpoi̯kɑ/
  • Hyphenation: poi‧ka

Noun[edit]

poika (genitive pojan, partitive poikua)

  1. (North Karelian) son
  2. (North Karelian) boy, lad
  3. (North Karelian) young (of an animal)

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of poika (type 5/koira, ik-j gradation)
singular plural
nominative poika pojat
genitive pojan poikien
partitive poikua poikie
illative poikah poikih
inessive pojašša pojissa
elative pojašta pojista
adessive pojalla pojilla
ablative pojalta pojilta
translative pojakši pojiksi
essive poikana poikina
comitative pojineh
comitative pojatta pojitta
Possessive forms of poika
1st person poikani
2nd person poikaš
3rd person poikah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

References[edit]

  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “сын”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *poika, from Proto-Uralic *pojka.

Noun[edit]

poika (genitive poigaa, partitive poikaa)

  1. son

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[4], 2 edition, Tallinn