- δεν (den)
δε • (de) (negating particle)
- Alternative form of
- The alternative form δεν (den) is used when the following letter is a vowel or a plosive consonant (κ, ξ, π, τ, ψ, γκ, ντ, μπ).
- δεν and δε are used with indicative verb forms, but μην and μη are used with subjunctive verbs.
- It may sometimes be used to emphasise a statement.
δε • (de)
δη=then + τε=also --> δε=then-also
δε • (de)
- There is confusion about δ' among ancient Greek discussions, whether δ' represents δε or δη or both. There is also confusion about the apparent redundancy of δε and δη, as they are found equivalent in meaning with various other particles including ητοι, αρα, επειτα, μαν, μεν, γε, περ, and τ᾽αρ. The absence of combined forms like δετε and δητε, which would be expected somewhere in Greek literature, and the interchangeability of δ <-> τ in some manuscripts strongly support the idea of the δη + τε etymology of δε.