Appendix:American Dialect Society words of the year

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The following are recognized words from the American Dialect Society word of the year.

See also the American Dialect Society official website.

List[edit]

Year Word of the Year Notes
1990 bushlips (similar to "bullshit" – stemming from President George H. W. Bush's 1988 "Read my lips: no new taxes" broken promise)
1991 The mother of all (as in Saddam Hussein's foretold "Mother of all battles")
1992 Not! (meaning "just kidding")
1993 information superhighway
1994 cyber, morph (to change form)
1995 Web and (to) newt (to act aggressively as a newcomer).[1][2]
1996 mom (as in "soccer mom").[3][4]
1997 millennium bug [5][6]
1998 e- (as in "e-mail").[7][8]
1999 Y2K [9][10]
2000 chad (from the 2000 Presidential Election controversy in Florida).[11][12]
2001 9-11 [13][14]
2002 weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) [15][16]
2003 metrosexual [17][18]
2004 red state, blue state, purple state (from the 2004 presidential election).[19][20]
2005 truthiness popularized on The Colbert Report.[21][22]
2006 plutoed (demoted or devalued, as happened to the former planet Pluto).[23][24]
2007 subprime (an adjective used to describe a risky or less than ideal loan, mortgage, or investment).[25][26]
2008 bailout (a rescue by government of a failing corporation) [27]
2009 tweet (a short message sent via the Twitter service)[28]
2010 app [29]
2011 occupy (in reference to the Occupy movement)[30]
2012 hashtag [31]
2013 because [32]
2014 #blacklivesmatter [33]
2015 singular they [34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ritter, Jim (December 31, 1995), “1995's Word Of the Year: Either `Web' – Or `Newt'”, in Chicago Sun-Times[1], retrieved February 21, 2008
  2. ^ “1995 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[2], American Dialect Society, January 13, 1996, retrieved February 21, 2008
  3. ^ Associated Press (January 5, 1997), “Linguists pick 'soccer mom' as 1996's word”, in The Philadelphia Inquirer[3], retrieved February 21, 2008
  4. ^ “1996 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[4], American Dialect Society, January 13, 1997, retrieved February 21, 2008
  5. ^ Smith, Sheron (January 10, 1998), “Word! 'Millennium Bug' is picked as top phrase of 1997”, in The Macon Telegraph[5], retrieved February 21, 2008
  6. ^ “1997 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[6], American Dialect Society, January 13, 1998, retrieved February 21, 2008
  7. ^ Gallentine, Shana (January 21, 1999), “1998: Our society defined in just a few short words”, in The Red and Black[7], retrieved February 21, 2008
  8. ^ “1998 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[8], American Dialect Society, January 13, 1999, retrieved February 21, 2008
  9. ^ Freeman, Jan (June 18, 2000), “Steal this coinage”, in The Boston Globe[9], retrieved February 21, 2008
  10. ^ “1999 Words of the Year, Word of the 1990s, Word of the 20th Century, Word of the Millennium”, in Americandialect.org[10], American Dialect Society, January 13, 2000, retrieved February 21, 2008
  11. ^ Kershner, Vlae (December 11, 2002), “Help us choose the 'Word of the Year'”, in San Francisco Chronicle[11], retrieved February 19, 2008
  12. ^ “2000 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[12], American Dialect Society, January 13, 2001, retrieved February 19, 2008
  13. ^ Scott, Janny (February 24, 2002), “A nation challenged: Language; Words of 9/11 Go From Coffee Shops To the Dictionaries”, in The New York Times[13], retrieved February 19, 2008
  14. ^ “2001 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[14], American Dialect Society, January 13, 2002, retrieved February 19, 2008
  15. ^ “'W.M.D.' voted word of year”, in USA Today[15], January 6, 2003, retrieved February 19, 2008
  16. ^ “2002 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[16], American Dialect Society, January 13, 2003, retrieved February 19, 2008
  17. ^ Newman, Andrew Adam (October 10, 2005), “In Time of Studied Ambiguity, a Label for the Manly Man”, in The New York Times[17], retrieved February 19, 2008
  18. ^ “2003 Words of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[18], American dialect Society, January 13, 2004, retrieved February 19, 2008
  19. ^ Associated Press (January 10, 2005), “Linguists' phrase of the year: 'Red state, blue state, purple state'”, in The Seattle Times[19], retrieved February 19, 2008
  20. ^ “2004 Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[20], American Dialect Society, January 7, 2005, retrieved February 19, 2008
  21. ^ Nash, Margo (April 9, 2006), “Jersey Footlights”, in The New York Times[21], retrieved February 19, 2008
  22. ^ “Truthiness Voted 2005 Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[22], American Dialect Society, January 6, 2006, retrieved February 8, 2008
  23. ^ Newman, Andrew Adam (December 10, 2007), “How Dictionaries Define Publicity: the Word of the Year”, in The New York Times[23], retrieved February 19, 2008
  24. ^ “'Plutoed' Voted 2006 Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[24], American Dialect Society, January 5, 2007, retrieved February 19, 2008
  25. ^ ““Subprime” voted 2007 word of the year”, in Americandialect.org[25], American Dialect Society, January 4, 2008, retrieved February 19, 2008
  26. ^ Mullen, Jim (January 23, 2008), “LOL – Subprime is delighted to be word of the year”, in Chicago Sun-Times[26], retrieved February 19, 2008
  27. ^ “'Bailout' voted Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[27], American Dialect Society, 2009
  28. ^ Barrett, Grant (January 8, 2009), “Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[28], retrieved January 9, 2010
  29. ^ “'App' voted Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[29], American Dialect Society, 2011
  30. ^ “Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[30], American Dialect Society, 2012
  31. ^ “Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[31], American Dialect Society, 2012
  32. ^ “Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[32], American Dialect Society, 2013
  33. ^ “Word of the Year”, in Americandialect.org[33], American Dialect Society, 2014
  34. ^ “2015 Word of the Year is singular “they””, in Americandialect.org[34], American Dialect Society, 2016

Further reading[edit]

  • 2007, Lerer, Seth, Inventing English: A Portable History of the Language, Columbia University Press, page 195:
  • 2006, Mencken, H.L., The American Language: An Inquiry into the Development of English in the United States, Alfred A. Knopf:
  • 2002, Metcalf, Allan A., Predicting New Words: The Secrets of Their Success, Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, page 188:
  • 2006, Wolfram, Walt; Natalie Schilling-Estes, American English: Dialects and Variation, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, page 24:

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