neque

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *nekʷe (and not, neither, nor), from *ne (not) + *-kʷe (and). Cognate with Proto-Celtic *nekʷe, whence Irish nach; Proto-Germanic *nehw, whence Gothic 𐌽𐌹𐌷 (nih). Equivalent to Old Latin ne (not) + -que (and).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

neque (not comparable)

  1. not

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Old Latin it many times stood for nōn frequently in its form nec. Classical use confined it to certain formulae, as nec opināns, nec procul abesse, nec mancipī and others.

Conjunction[edit]

neque

  1. and not, also not
    neque ... neque (or neque ... et)
    neither ... nor
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 30:
      neque se in occultum abdiderat et conspectum multitudinis fugerat
      And neither had concealed himself nor shunned the eyes of the people

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aromanian: nitsi
  • Romanian: nici

References[edit]

  • neque in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • neque in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • neque in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am losing my eyesight and getting deaf: neque auribus neque oculis satis consto
    • there is nothing strange in that: neque id mirum est or videri debet
    • and rightly too: neque immerito (iniuria)
    • and rightly too: neque id immerito (iniuria)