nicht

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See also: nicht-

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch nichte, from Old Dutch *nift, from Proto-Germanic *niftiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nicht f (plural nichten, diminutive nichtje n)

  1. female cousin; daughter of someone's uncle or aunt
  2. niece; daughter of someone's brother or sister
  3. niece; daughter of someone's brother- or sister-in-law
  4. (derogatory) male homosexual, a gay man

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (cousin or niece): nift, nifte (obsolete, Holland)

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • nich, nich' (informal writing, reflecting the common pronunciation)
  • net (colloquial; in central Germany, southern Germany, Austria)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German niwiht, niweht, niht, a contracted form of Old High German niowiht, from nio (never) + wiht (being, creature), derived from Proto-Germanic *ne (not) + *aiw- (ever) + *wiht- (thing), whence also Yiddish נישט (nisht). Akin to Dutch niet, West Frisian net, English not where similar developments took place.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /nɪçt/, [nɪçt] (northern, central)
  • IPA(key): /nixt/, [nixt], [nɪxt], [niχt] (southern)
  • IPA(key): /nɪç/, [nɪç] (common speech; regarded as quasi-standard in northern and central Germany)
  • IPA(key): /nɪçt/, [nɪɕ(t)], [nʏɕ(t)] (central, non-standard)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪçt, -ɪç

Adverb[edit]

nicht

  1. not
    Bitte nicht stören!
    Please do not disturb!
    Das ist nicht wahr.
    That is not true.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The adverb nicht cannot freely be used in combination with indefinite nouns. Instead the negative adjective kein (no) is used.
Äpfel hat er nicht mitgebracht. – “He hasn't brought apples.”
Es kam heraus, dass er nicht einen Hahn sondern ein Huhn gekauft hatte. – “It turned out that he hadn't bought a rooster but a hen.”
Ich sehe keine andere Möglichkeit. – “I don't see any other possibility.”
Er hat keine Äpfel mitgebracht. – “He hasn't brought any apples with him.”, literally "He has brought no apples with him."

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

nicht?

  1. (tag question, dated or formal) right?; is it?; is it not?
    Du bist sicher die Claudia, nicht?
    You must be Claudia, aren't you?

Synonyms[edit]


Kashubian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

nicht

  1. nobody, no one

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English niht.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nicht (plural nichts)

  1. night, evening
    • c. 1495, William Dunbar, The Tua Mariit Wemen and the Wedo:
      Apon the Midsummer evin, mirriest of nichtis, / I muvit furth allane [...].
  2. (definite singular) tonight
    • It's a braw, bricht, moonlit nicht the nicht. It's a beautiful, bright moonlit night tonight.

Derived terms[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nicht c (plural nichten)

  1. cousin (female)

Coordinate terms[edit]