valence

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See also: Valence

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

In the sense "extract, preparation", from Latin valentia (strength, capacity) (1425). The now-current sense of "combining capacity" is from German Valenz (1884), from the same Latin word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

valence (plural valences)

  1. (chemistry, medicine, obsolete) An extract; a preparation, now especially one effective against a certain number of strains of a pathogen.
  2. (chemistry) The combining capacity of an atom, radical or functional group determined by the number of electrons that it will lose, gain, or share when it combines with other atoms etc.
  3. (chemistry) The number of binding sites of a molecule, such as an antibody or antigen.
  4. (linguistics) The number of arguments that a verb can have, including its subject, ranging from zero (for the likes of "It rains") to three (for the likes of "He gives her a flower").
  5. (psychology) A one-dimensional value assigned to an object, situation, or state, that can usually be positive or negative.
  6. (sociology) Value. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
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Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

valence (plural valences)

  1. Alternative spelling of valance

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

valence f

  1. valence, valency (chemistry)
  2. valence, valency (linguistics)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from monovalence., etc.

Noun[edit]

valence f (plural valences)

  1. (chemistry) valence
  2. (linguistics) valency

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]