In the sense “extract, preparation”, from Latin valentia (“strength, capacity”) (1425). The now-current sense of “combining capacity (of an atom)” is from German Valenz (1884), from the same Latin word. The linguistic definition was formed in analogy to its use in chemistry. The sense “one-dimensional value” used in psychology is also from German Valenz (1935).
- (chemistry, medicine, obsolete) An extract; a preparation, now especially one effective against a certain number of strains of a pathogen.
- (chemistry) The combining capacity of an atom, radical or functional group determined by the number of electrons that it will lose, gain, or share when it combines with other atoms etc. [from 1884]
- Synonym: valency
- (chemistry) The number of binding sites of a molecule, such as an antibody or antigen.
- (linguistics) The number of arguments that a verb can have, including its subject, ranging from zero (for the likes of "It rains") to three (for the likes of "Bob gives Alice a flower") or, less commonly, four.
- Synonym: valency
- The number of bonds that a verb has constitutes what we will call the valence of the verb.
- (especially psychology) A one-dimensional value assigned to an object, situation, or state, that can usually be positive or negative. [from 1935]
- anger and fear have negative valence
- (sociology) Value.
- valency (mostly UK)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
valence (plural valences)
- Alternative spelling of
- valence on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Valence (chemistry) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Valency (linguistics) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Valence (psychology) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Expectancy theory on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “valence”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- See vale
- valence in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- valence in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- valence in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz
valence f (plural valences)
- “valence”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.