increment

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See also: incrément

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin incrementum, from incrēscō (whence increase), from in- + crēscō (grow). Equivalent to increase +‎ -ment.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɪŋkɹɪmn̩t/
    • (file)

Noun[edit]

increment (plural increments)

  1. The action of increasing or becoming greater.
    • 1695, John Woodward, An Essay toward a Natural History of the Earth and Terrestrial Bodies, especially Minerals, &c:
      the seminary that furnisheth matter for the formation and increment of animal and vegetable bodies
    • June 9, 1832 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Table Talk
      A nation, to be great, ought to be compressed in its increment by nations more civilized than itself.
  2. (heraldry) The waxing of the moon.
  3. The amount of increase.
    • 1941 June, Cecil J. Allen, “British Locomotive Practice and Performance”, in Railway Maagazine, page 263:
      In the third place, the superelevation and alignment of the track, theoretically calculated for speeds of 70 to 75 m.p.h., was adequate for the 80 to 85 m.p.h. or so normally attained as maxima over the G.N. main line; but nothing whatever had been done to prepare it for the enormous increment over these figures that this run was to produce.
    • 2020, Brandon Taylor, Real Life, Daunt Books Originals, page 90:
      The others will return at night, [...] pushing their experiments and nudging their projects toward completion in small, painful increments.
  4. (rhetoric) An amplification without strict climax, as in the following passage: "Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report, [] think on these things."
  5. (chess) The amount of time added to a player's clock after each move.
  6. (grammar) A syllable in excess of the number of the nominative singular or the second-person singular present indicative.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

increment (third-person singular simple present increments, present participle incrementing, simple past and past participle incremented)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) To increase by steps or by a step, especially by one.
    • 1890, H. E. J. G. Du Bois, “On Magnetic Circuits”, in Philosophical magazine, page 346:
      ... any given value just before observing, the actual pressures must as frequently be incremented as decremented, both in the "on" and the "off" series.
    • 2007 January 23, “Busiest two weeks for recruiters”, in Recruiter Magazine:
      public sector professional services recruitment, has seen a strong seasonal upturn which has incremented year on year since 2002 by an average of 12%.
    • 1984, Brian W. Kernighan; Rob Pike, The UNIX programming environment, page 124:
      The first for loop looks at each word in the input line, incrementing the element of array num subscripted by the word.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used in many technical fields, especially in mathematics and computing.

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin incrēmentum.

Noun[edit]

increment m (plural increments)

  1. increment, increase
    Synonym: augment

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin incrementum

Noun[edit]

increment n (plural incrementuri)

  1. increment

Declension[edit]