cathair

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See also: cathaír

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cathair, from Proto-Celtic *katrixs ‎(fortification).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkahɪɾʲ/
  • (Cois Fharraige) IPA(key): /kaːɾʲ/

Noun[edit]

cathair f ‎(genitive singular cathrach, nominative plural cathracha)

  1. city
  2. circular stone fort

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cathair chathair gcathair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 cathair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “caṫair” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "cathair" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *katrixs ‎(fortification); possibly cognate with Old English hēaþor ‎(enclosure, prison) or Serbo-Croatian kȍtar ‎(administrative unit, province).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cathair f ‎(genitive cathrach, nominative plural cathraig)

  1. stone enclosure, fortress, castle; dwelling
  2. monastic settlement, enclosure; monastery, convent
    • c. 800, Broccán’s Hymn, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, p. 328, ll. 9–10:
      Nī bo fri óigthea acher   cāinbói fri lobru trúagu:
      for maig arutacht cathir   dollaid rosnāde slúagu.
      She was not harsh to guests: gentle was she to the wretched sick:
      on a plain she built a convent: may it protect hosts into the Kingdom!
  3. fortified city, city
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 13b1:
      (do·adb)adar in taidbsiu hi siu tra do(naib) coic cetaib [] ro·bói isin chaithir isind aimsir sin
      this appearance, then, is manifested to the five hundred [] that was in the city at that time

For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:cathair.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cathair chathair cathair
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 194
  • 1 cathair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish cathaír ‎(chair), from Latin cathēdra, from Ancient Greek καθέδρα ‎(kathédra). Cognate with Irish cathaoir.

Noun[edit]

cathair f ‎(genitive singular cathrach, plural cathraichean)

  1. chair, seat, bench, throne

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish cathair.

Noun[edit]

cathair f ‎(genitive singular cathrach, plural cathraichean)

  1. town, city

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

cathair f ‎(genitive singular cathrach, plural cathraichean)

  1. gig (two wheeled horse drawn carriage)
  2. bed (of any garden stuff)
  3. stock, colewort, cabbage
  4. plot (of land)
  5. (obsolete) guard, sentinel, warder

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • cathaír” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 1 cathair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.