cithara

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: cíthara

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cithara, from Ancient Greek κιθάρα (kithára). Doublet of cither, guitar, and zither

Noun[edit]

cithara (plural citharas or citharai or citharae or (archaic) citharæ)

  1. (music) An ancient Greek stringed instrument, which could be considered a forerunner of the guitar

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κιθάρα (kithára).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cithara f (genitive citharae); first declension

  1. (music) cithara, lyre, lute, guitar
  2. (New Latin) guitar (ellipsis of cithara hispānica)

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cithara citharae
Genitive citharae citharārum
Dative citharae citharīs
Accusative citharam citharās
Ablative citharā citharīs
Vocative cithara citharae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Through the nonstandard form citera (attested in the Appendix Probi):

  • Middle French: citre
  • Italian: cetra
  • Old Occitan: sedra, cidra
  • Old Spanish: cedra
  • Romanian: ceteră

Borrowings:

References[edit]

  • cithara in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • cithara in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • cithara in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • cithara in Harry Thurston Peck, editor, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1898
  • cithara in William Smith et al., editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin, 1890