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From Ancient Greek κιθαρίζω (kitharízō, I play the lyre), from κιθάρα (kithára, lyre), of pre-Greek origin



citharīzō (present infinitive citharīzāre, perfect active citharīzāvī, supine citharīzātum); first conjugation

  1. I play the cithara
    • 100 BCE – 24 BCE, Cornelius Nepos, Liber de excellentibus ducibus exterarum gentium Epaminodas 2.1
      Nam et citharizare et cantare ad chordarum sonum doctus est a Dionysio, qui non minore fuit in musicis gloria quam Damon aut Lamprus, quorum pervulgata sunt nomina, cantare tibiis ab Olympiodoro, saltare a Calliphrone.
      For at the lyre and at singing in harmony with its strings he was taught by Dionysius, who is held in no less glory amongst musicians than Damon or Lamprus, whose names are ubiquitous; to sing to the flutes, by Olympiodorus; and to dance by Calliphron.

Usage notes[edit]

  • citharīzō is the sole Classical Latin borrowing of a Greek verb in -ίζω; all other borrowings in this form took place in the Late Latin period, largely by Early Christian writers, originally in religious contexts.


   Conjugation of citharizo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present citharīzō citharīzās citharīzat citharīzāmus citharīzātis citharīzant
imperfect citharīzābam citharīzābās citharīzābat citharīzābāmus citharīzābātis citharīzābant
future citharīzābō citharīzābis citharīzābit citharīzābimus citharīzābitis citharīzābunt
perfect citharīzāvī citharīzāvistī citharīzāvit citharīzāvimus citharīzāvistis citharīzāvērunt, citharīzāvēre
pluperfect citharīzāveram citharīzāverās citharīzāverat citharīzāverāmus citharīzāverātis citharīzāverant
future perfect citharīzāverō citharīzāveris citharīzāverit citharīzāverimus citharīzāveritis citharīzāverint
passive present citharīzor citharīzāris, citharīzāre citharīzātur citharīzāmur citharīzāminī citharīzantur
imperfect citharīzābar citharīzābāris, citharīzābāre citharīzābātur citharīzābāmur citharīzābāminī citharīzābantur
future citharīzābor citharīzāberis, citharīzābere citharīzābitur citharīzābimur citharīzābiminī citharīzābuntur
perfect citharīzātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect citharīzātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect citharīzātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present citharīzem citharīzēs citharīzet citharīzēmus citharīzētis citharīzent
imperfect citharīzārem citharīzārēs citharīzāret citharīzārēmus citharīzārētis citharīzārent
perfect citharīzāverim citharīzāverīs citharīzāverit citharīzāverīmus citharīzāverītis citharīzāverint
pluperfect citharīzāvissem citharīzāvissēs citharīzāvisset citharīzāvissēmus citharīzāvissētis citharīzāvissent
passive present citharīzer citharīzēris, citharīzēre citharīzētur citharīzēmur citharīzēminī citharīzentur
imperfect citharīzārer citharīzārēris, citharīzārēre citharīzārētur citharīzārēmur citharīzārēminī citharīzārentur
perfect citharīzātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect citharīzātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present citharīzā citharīzāte
future citharīzātō citharīzātō citharīzātōte citharīzantō
passive present citharīzāre citharīzāminī
future citharīzātor citharīzātor citharīzantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives citharīzāre citharīzāvisse citharīzātūrus esse citharīzārī citharīzātus esse citharīzātum īrī
participles citharīzāns citharīzātūrus citharīzātus citharīzandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
citharīzāre citharīzandī citharīzandō citharīzandum citharīzātum citharīzātū

Related terms[edit]



  • citharizo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • citharizo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • citharizo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • citharizo in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016